Chapter 6: The Declaration of Independence
Terms in this set (52)
When did horseback riders spread the news about the barbarous murders to the colonies?
The day after the clashes
What were the two choices the colonists could make?
Declare their independence or continue to use protests and petitions
What marked the start of the fighting that would lead the colonies to declare their independence from Great Britain?
The battles at Lexington and Concord
Who delivered a very famous speech to the Virginia House of Burgesses?
Who did Henry speak to?
Those who treasured peace above freedom
Who had an outspoken personality?
Patrick Henry Of Virginia
Where did the second continental congress meet?
Who was elected to be commander in chief of the new continental army?
What did George Washington do when he found out that he only had 36 barrels of gunpowder?
He lied and spread the rumor that he had 1,800 which delayed and fighting
Why did the British abandon the city they had on March 4, 1776?
It was surrounded by threatening cannons
Who was sent to Fort Ticonderoga to round up guns?
What city was threatened by cannons and abandoned by the British, preventing a battle?
Why did John Adams chose George Washington for commander in chief ?
George Washington had experience as a leader and many talents needed to be chief
What was John Adams "other idea"?
To have a commander in chief for the continental congress
What day did men dig on Bunker Hill?
Why did the colonists lie about how much gunpowder they had?
Because they had only nine shots per person
After the battle at Lexington and Concord, did most colonists want independence?
When was the fiery pamphlet entitled Common Sense published?
What was the petition for King George?
It was asking him to end the quarrel
What happened when the petition reached London?
The king already declared the colonies as " open and Avowed to rebellion"
Who published a fiery pamphlet entitled Common Sense?
What is freedom from control by another government or country?
What is the Stamp Act?
The requirement to by a stamp for any paper used
How many copies of Common Sense were sold?
Was Thomas Paine a Patriot or Loyalist?
Why was the Stamp Act repealed?
Months of protest
When was the petition of the Second Continental Congress sent to George III?
What was the third subject of Common Sense?
Thoughts on the present State of American Affairs
Who took over the command of the Continental Army after the Battle of Bunker Hill?
What moved the colonies closer to the decision to declare independence from Great Britain?
The failure of the Olive Branch Petition and the success of Thomas Paine's pamphlet Common Sense
What were the principle of people's rights?
To honor them
What was the olive branch a symbol of?
Which delegate was chosen for the Second Continental Congress to write the Declaration of Independence?
How to celebrate 4 JULY?
What year was the Declaration of Independence written?
On which date did the Declaration of Independence get approved?
July 4, 1776
What did Thomas Jefferson state in the Declaration of Independence?
He stated why the colonies were choosing to separate from Britain
What is the principle of natural rights?
The idea why all people are born equal in God's sight, thus everyone has the same rights
Where did the colonies split from?
When did they meet to look over the draft declaration of independence?
July 1, 1776
Who suggested changes to the first draft of the Declaration of Independence?
Ben Franklin and John Adams
How old was Thomas Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence?
33 years old
What were the Loyalists fighting about?
That colonists had a duty to obey the king
What did congress debate on about the Declaration of Independence?
On what day did the delegates approve a final version of the Declaration of Independence?
If the nation failed to win it's freedom, what was the consequence?
They would be hanged
How long was Franklin's contract to work for his brother?
What age did Franklin retire?
Was the issue on independence decided by July 1, 1776 or not?
Who approved the Declaration Of Independence?
What did the Continental Army use to force the British to abandon Boston in March 1776?
What was the name of John Adam's wife?