Ch 14 WWII vocab

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Battle of El Alamein(1942) World War II battle in which the Britain won a decisive victory over Germany in Egypt, securing the Suez CanalDwight D. Eisenhower1890-1969) Thirty-fourth president of the United States; he led the Allied invasion of North Africa and the D-Day invasion of France and commanded the Allied forces in Europe during World War II.Siege of Leningrad(1941-1942) Nazi army's unsuccessful attempt to capture the city of Leningrad in the Soviet Union during World War II; as many as 1 million civilians perished during the siegeBattle of Stalingrad(1942) World War II battle between invading German forces and Soviet defenders for control of Stalingrad, a city on the Volga River; each side sustained hundreds of thousands of casualties; Germany's defeat marked turning point in the warDouglas MacArthur(1880-1964) American general, he commanded U.S. troops in the Southwest Pacific during World War II and administered Japan after the war ended. He later commanded UN forces at the beginning of the Korean War until he was removed by President Truman.Bataan Death March1942) a forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines in World War IIBattle of Midway(1942) World War II naval battle fought in the Pacific; the Americans broke the Japanese code and knew the date and location of the attack, setting the stage for a major American victoryBattle of Guadalcanal(1942-1943) World War II battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the islandkamikaziesin World War II, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy shipsdeportedforced to leave a countryFinal Solutionthe Nazi Party's plan to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and the Soviet Unionghettoan area where minority groups liveconcentration campsdetention sites created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civiliansHolocaustthe killing of millions of Jews and others by the Nazis during World War IID-DayJune 6, 1944; the first day of the Allied invasion of Normandy in World War IIV-E Day(1945) May 8, 1945; a term used by the Allies, it stands for "victory in Europe" during World War IIBattle of Iwo Jima(1945) World War II battle between Japanese forces and invading U.S. troopsBattle of Okinawa(1945) World War II victory for the Allied troops that resulted in the deaths of almost all of the 100,000 Japanese defenders; the battle claimed 12,000 American livesHarry S. Truman(1884-1972) Thirty-third president of the United States; he became president upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He led the United States through the end of World War II and the beginning of the Cold War.Hirohinto(1901-1989) Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989; he led Japan during World War II and was forced into unconditional surrender following the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.V-J Day(1945) August 15, 1945; a term used by the Allies, it stands for "victory over Japan" during World War IIYalta Conference(February, 1945) a meeting between Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin to reach an agreement on what to do with Germany after World War IIUnited Nationsinternational organization formed in 1945 to maintain world peace and encourage cooperation among nationsPotsdam Conference(1945) a meeting of Allied leaders in the German city of Potsdam to address issues about the post-World War II Europe