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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 18 Vocab S.S.
Terms in this set (17)
import-substitution led industrialization
an economic policy of replacing certain imported goods with a country's own manufactured goods
the belief, common in Latin America in the late 1900s, that the Roman Catholic Church should be active in the struggle for economic and political equality
(1926-) Communist political leader of Cuba; he helped overthrow the Cuban government in 1959 and seized control of the country, exercising total control of the government and economy.
(1928-1967) Argentinean revolutionary leader; he was an aide to Fidel Castro during the Cuban revolution.
Marxist group who led the revolution against the dictator of Nicaragua and then ruled the country from 1979 to 1990
a group of leaders who rule jointly
rebels seeking to overthrow Nicaragua's Sandinista government in the 1980s; financed by the United States
(1895-1974) President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and again from 1973 to 1974; he rose to power following a military coup d'état and was a supporter of the rights of the people.
a supporter of the rights of the common people as opposed to the privileged elite
an extremely high level of inflation that grows rapidly in a short period of time
(1915-2006) President and dictator of Chile from 1973 to 1990; he planned and carried out a coup of Salvador Allende's government in Chile.
(1938-) Panamanian general and dictator; he brutally crushed his enemies and used the country as a base for drug smuggling.
guerrilla group in Peru that terrorized the countryside in the 1980s and 1990s
(1929-) President of Nicaragua from 1990 to 1997; she was the first woman to govern a Central American nation.
North American Free Trade Agreement--NAFTA
a free trade agreement that eliminated tariffs on trade between Mexico, the United States, and Canada
(1942-) Mexican political leader and president of Mexico; he was the first democratically elected opposition candidate in Mexico's history.
(1954-) Venezuelan political leader and president; he set out to eliminate poverty in his country, but his methods of doing so tended to turn his country away from democracy and toward a dictatorship.
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