History Unit 3- Chapter 2
Terms in this set (29)
First document that limited the power of the king...granted rights like trial by jury and due process... king had to follow laws... no taxes without permission- gave rights to the nobles (rich)
English Bill of Rights
1600's - it listed series of rights that the monarch can not limit- reinforced the Magna Carta guaranteed rights to EVERYONE
A concept of ruling that restricts government power... prevents government from become a tyranny.
Government that serves the will of the people by having the citizens chose who would represent their needs in government (republic)
People have ultimate authority and thus the power to govern
Declaration of Independence
document that declared the US independent from England - Written Thomas Jefferson, approved on July 4, 1776--- purpose was to convince other nations and the colonists to support independence
a document that sets the rules that government must follow and establishes that government.
The Constitution is our constitution that governs America today- set up Federalism (government where power is shared between the federal and state governments)- 1787
form a government with a strong Federal government and independent state governments that work individually and together ... (middle school)
Attack in 1787, on a federal armory- by a force of farmers/veterans lead by Daniel Shays in protest to high taxes. Causes: Economic depression because the government could not regulate interstate business- He justified his rebellion by quoting the Declaration of Independence... he claimed that the government was not protecting their rights.... Effects: Constitutional Convention
Articles of Confederation
the country's first constitution - created a Firm League of Friendship
people in favor of the strong central government, weak state governments; the Constitution (Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, George Washington, and John Adams)
people favoring a strong state government and weak central government (Thomas Jefferson, George Mason, Patrick Henry)- opposed ratification- insisted on adding a Bill of Rights (protects our natural rights)
plan for government: 3 branches of government- legislative branch would consist of two houses, both based on population. Favored by large states- represents the people- today the House of Representives
New Jersey Plan
plan for government: 3 branches of government- legislative branch would have one house, every state gets one representative. Favored by small states- represents the states. - today the Senate
Proposal by Roger Sherman of Connecticut- compromise between the two plans... 3 branches of government - the legislative branch would consist of two houses. One (The House of Representatives) would be based on population and the other (the Senate) each state gets two senators.
Compromise on slavery every 5 slaves ("other peoples") would be counted as 3 people for representation and taxation.
the process in which a constitution and any amendments to that constitution becomes official.
The Federalist Papers
Essays trying to convince people to support the new Constitution. Explaining that the new government cannot become tyranny because the new government has a system of checks and balances that will limit the power government.
Bill of Rights
1st 10 Amendments to the Constitution. Guarantees the people's basic rights. This was the condition the Anti-Federalists insisted on before supporting the Constitution
Enlightenment philosopher - people have natural rights: life, liberty and PROPERTY- we live under a Social Contract (people agree to limit some basic rights in exchange for protection by the government)
primary writer of the Declaration of Independence...Anti-Federalist
President of the Constitutional Convention- called for the convention to fix the Articles of Confederation because they weren't working- too weak of a Central government
Writer the Great Compromise
"Father of Constitution". Wrote the Virginia Plan, Federalist Papers and the Bill of Rights AND he kept a diary of all the events during the Convention
Explains what the document is about
Declaration of Natural Rights
Explains that man has certain rights that can not be taken away (life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness), government was created by men in order to protect our rights, if government doesn't do it's job, people have the right to alter or abolish it and create a new government that will protect our rights.
List of Grievances
all the things the King has done wrong
Resolution of Independence
declares us independent of England. Independent countries