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US History Chapter 12
Terms in this set (19)
The time period following the Civil War, lasted from 1865 to 1877. This was the period during which the United States began to rebuild after the Civil War.
What did Lincoln believe in?
That the Confederate States had never left the Union, because secession was constitutionally impossible. He contended that it was the individuals, not states, who had rebelled and that the Constitution gave the president the power to pardon individuals.
Also known as the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. Under this plan, the government would pardon all Confederates who would swear allegiance to the Union and promise to obey its laws. As soon as ten percent of those on the 1860 voting lists took this oath of allegiance, a Confederate state could form a new state government.
Under Lincoln's terms, four states moved toward readmission to the Union.
Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Virginia
This group in Congress, headed by Thaddeus Stevens(Penn.) and Charles Sumner ( Mass.), insisted on black suffrage, equal rights for Freedmen, and federal protection of the civil rights of blacks. They gained control of Reconstruction in 1867 and demanded harsh, punitive policies toward the Confederate State and ex-Confederates.
The Radicals responded to the Ten-Percent Plan by passing this bill, which proposed that Congress, not the president, be responsible for Reconstruction. It also declared that for a state government to form, a majority of those eligible to vote would have to take a solemn oath to support the Constitution.
when a president kills a bill passed during the last 10 days Congress is in session by simply refusing to act on it
Johnson's Presidential Reconstruction
He declared that each of these states could be readmitted to the Union if it would declare its secession illegal, swear allegiance to the Union, and ratify the Thirteenth Amendment.
He supported states' rights instead of a strong central government which reassured Southern states that they could do as they wished about African- American voting rights. He believed that white men alone must manage the South and thought that former slaves should not gain the right to vote.
The bureau's focus was to provide food, medical care, administer justice, manage abandoned and confiscated property, regulate labor, and establish schools.
To keep African-Americans from their inalienable rights. They deprived blacks of life, liberty or property without due process of law. In 1866, a small group of leaders in the Radical Republican Party got Congress to pass a Civil Rights Act which eliminated it.
This Amendment was made to forbid slavery, making slavery and involuntary servitude both illegal. It could only be used as a punishment for crime. This Amendment was ratified in 1865, after the war was over. The South had to ratify it to be readmitted to the Union.
It made "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" citizens of the country. All were entitles to equal protection of the law, and no state could deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
Reconstruction Act of 1867
required Southern states to approve new constitutions and set up a five districts led by Union generals to keep the peace
Tenure of Office Act
It stated that the president could not remove cabinet officers "during the term of the president by whom they may have been appointed" without the consent of 2/3 of the Senate.
Election of 1868
Horatio Seymour of New York and Republican party Ulysses Grant
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Southern whites who supported republican policy throught reconstruction
A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states;
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