30 terms

World History Spring Exam -- Chapter 29

World History Spring Exam -- Chapter 29
What is the most probable link between militarism and imperialism?
As a country gains colonies, its military grows to protect them
What key factor led to the formation of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente?
Bismarck's fear of France's army and Britain's fear of Germany's empire
What event in Sarajevo ignited the Great War?
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie
What was significant in the Allied victory at the First Battle of the Marne?
It resulted in Germany's having to fight on two fronts
What was trench warfare intended to accomplish?
To protect soldiers from enemy gun fire on the front lines
What gamble did Germany make before the United States entered the war?
That their blockade would defeat Britain before U.S. troops arrived
What impact did the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk have on Germany?
It allowed Germany to focus all their efforts on the Western Front
How did the Allies respond to Wilson's vision for peace? (3)
Britain and France showed little sign of agreeing to Wilson's plan, Britain and France were concerned with strengthening their own security, Britain and France wanted to strip Germany of its war-making power.
What actions led to the formation of new nations out of the Central Powers?
Provisions of peace treaties signed with the Central Powers
What is the policy of glorifying power and keeping an army prepared for war?
What region was referred to as the "powder keg" of Europe?
The Balkan Peninsula
Who led Germany during the last decade of the 1800s and most of World War I?
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Which statement summarizes the Schlieffen Plan that Germany created to prepare for a two-front war?
Attack France first, then Russia
Why were Germany and Austria-Hungary known as the Central Powers?
Because of their location in the heart of Europe
Which nation's actions caused the United States to fight in World War I?
What did the war become once the participating countries began devoting all of their resources to the war effort?
Total war
What actin on November 11, 1918, brought and end to World War I?
An armistice was signed
What were the Fourteen Points?
A plan for the postwar world
Who was forced to assume the sole responsibility for the war under the Treaty of Versailles?
In the late 1800s, who competed for industrial domination of Europe?
Great Britain and Germany
Why did Bismarck seek alliances that later became the Triple Alliance?
To isolate France
What event caused Italy to refuse to support its ally Germany?
German invasion of Belgium
What did the Central Powers gain over Russia at the battle near Tannenberg? (3)
Germany drove the Russians into full reterat, Germany regained East Prussia, Germany seized numerous guns and horses
What did the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare refer to?
Germany's policy to sink any ship in Britain's water without warning
Which of the following events occured after the Americans joined the war?
The Bulgarians and Turks surrendered
How did the treaty of Versailles affect postwar Germany?
It left a legacy of bitterness in the hearts of the German people
What was the American public's opinion about joining the League of Nations?
It believed that the United States should stay out of European affairs
What impact did the war have on the economy of Europe?
It drained the treasuries of Europe
Who was not included in the Big Four at the Paris Peace Conference?
Kaiser Wilhelm II
The purpose of propaganda during World War I was to
Influence public opinion