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40 terms

World History Spring Exam -- Between the Wars

World History Spring Exam -- Between the Wars
STUDY
PLAY
What did the pogroms that occured in the late 19th-century Russia do?
Violently persecute Jews
Who were the Bolsheviks?
Radical Russian Marxist revolutionaries
What is a totalitarian state?
A state in which the government controls every aspect of public and private life
What was the purpose of the Soviet state's Five-Year plans?
Economic devlopment
What did Sergey Wittey do to finance Russian industries?
Launched a program of higher taxes and foreign investments
What event marked the beginnings of the Great Depression?
The Stock Market Crash of 1929
What was one part of Roosevelt's New Deal program to fight the Depression? (3)
The stock market and banking system created their own reform council, government agencies took over businesses and farms, large public works projects helped to provide jobs
Il Duce was the title of which of the following leaders?
Benito Mussolini
Which German political party sought to overturn the Treaty of Versailles and combat communism?
Nazi
What effect did the Dawes Plan have on the economy of postwar Germany?
It saved Germany from an inflationary crisis and stabilized the economy
Which of the following does fascism stress?
Nationalism
In 1920, a dictatorship ruled
Russia
All of the following contributed to the weakness of the Weimar Republic EXCEPT
The implantation of the Dawes plan
The New Deal involevd attempts to stimulate the American economy by
Increasing government spending
All of the following increased during the Great Depression EXCEPT
Prices
During the global depression, war debts caused great suffering in
Germany
The Popular Front helped preserve democracy in
France
All of the following embraced fascism except
Paul von Hindenburg
All of the following were common to both fascism and communism EXCEPT
Classless society
The title of Hitler's book Mein Kampf in English is
My Struggle
By 1935, the only eastern European country that was still a democracy was
Czechoslovakia
Hitler's main method for achieving lebensraum was to
Conquer other countries
Nazism was the German form of
Fascism
Under Joseph Stalin's command economy system, all economic decisions were made by
Government officials alone
The Soviet government decided to eliminate kulaks because of their strong resistance to
Collective farming
All of the following were goals of the Five Year Plans EXCEPT. Rapid industrial growth; a stronger national defense; the modernization of the Soviet economy; the promotion of Communism worldwide.
The promotion of communism worldwide
Between 1934 and 1934, the Great Purge was a campaign to eliminate
Opposition to Stalin's power
All of the following were stressed by socialist realism EXCEPT. The value of hard work; the glory of Soviet life; the achievements of Stalin; the worth of the individual.
The worth of the individual
Why did coalition governments usually prove unstable?
They were alliances of several parties who disagreed on many policies
Why did millions of Germans turn against the leaders of the Weimar Republic?
They signed the Treaty of Versailles
What was the major cause of the collapse of the stock market?
Stocks sold for more than they were worth
What fear added to the appeal of fascism in Italy and Germany?
A communist revolution
Why did Hitler blame the Jewish population for all of Germany's troubles?
Hatred of Jews, or anti-semitism, was a key part of Nazi ideology
How did the reigns of Alexander III and Nicholas II help pave the way for revolution?
They both upheld an autocratic government without reforms
What impact did Russia's involvement in WWI have on the Russian government?
It revealed the weaknesses of Czarist rule and military leadership
How did life change for Russians after the success of the Bolshevik revolution?
Russia was organized into several self-governing republics
Which of the following was NOT part of the transformation of the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state? Great Purge; Five-Year Plans; establishment of collective farming; the creation of the first soviets.
The creation of the first soviets
Under Joseph Stalin's command economy system, all economic decisions were made by
Government officials alone
Who was the major leader of the Bolsheviks?
V.I. Lenin
All of the following were stressed by socialist realism EXCEPT. The value of hard work; the glory of Soviet life; the achievements of Stalin; the worth of the individual.
The worth of the individual