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34 terms

World History Spring Exam -- WWII

World History Spring Exam -- WWII
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Manchuria was invaded in 1931 by
Japan
All of the following joined the Axis Powers EXCEPT. Italy; Japan; Germany; Soviet Union.
Soviet Union
A nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union in 1939 was signed by
Germany
The leader of the Third Reich was
Adolph Hitler
During Spain's civil war, Francisco Franco was the leader of
Spanish rebel groups
The Munich Conference was held to address the problems of German threat to the nation of
Czechoslovakia
What was Hitler's prime reason for wanting to take Poland?
He wanted the Polish corridor and the port city of Danzig
Which of the following factors led to the fall of France to the Nazis? (3)
The fall of Dunkirk; evacuation of the British forces; Italy's attack on France from the South
What was the significance of the Atlantic Charter both during and after the war?
It upheld rights of free trade and choice of government, and it became the plan for postwar peace
What did the Allies' strategy of "island hopping" in the Pacific involve?
Attacks only on islands that were not well defended
Why did the Japanese try to build a Pacific Empire?
By taking over American, British, and French territories
How did Kristallnacht demonstrate Nazi persecution of Jews?
Nazi troops attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues
What was the goal of Hitler's "Final Solution"?
It was the genocide of people the Nazis considered inferior
What combination led to the German defeat in the Battle of Stalingrad?
Russian troops and Russian winters
Under the postwar constituion of Japan, who was the head of government?
A prime minister selected by the diet
What does the use of kamikaze pilots show about Japanese culture?
They valued national honor more than individual life
Why did Britain and France declare war on Germany after it invaded POland?
They had promised to uphold the independence of Poland
How did the Lend-Lease Act benefit the United States?
It enriched the American economy through selling arms to the Allies
Which of the following did NOT motivate Japan to build an empire? Japan was overcrowded and faced shortages of raw materials; Japan wanted the rich European colonies of Southeast Asia; Japan took over Manchuria and later fought for the heartland of China; the emperor wanted a larger empire to suit his divine status
The emperor wanted a larger empire to suit his divine status
What was the U.S. response to Japanese aggression in Southeast Asia in mid-1941?
Cut off oil supplies
How were the Holocaust and Hitler's "Final Solution" related?
Holocaust is the term for the genocide that resulted from the plan called the Final Solution
How did civilians join in the war effort?
Scrap metal drives, working in war industries, rationing
What was the Allies' plan for victory over the Nazis?
The Allies would fight Germany on two fronts to weaken it
Why were thousands of U.S. citizens put in internment camps during the war?
They were of Japanese descent and falsely labeled as enemies
What prompted Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany?
German invasion of Poland
The German Blitzkrieg was a military strategy that depended on what advantage?
Surprise and overwhelming force
What crucial lesson was learned in the Battle of Britain?
That Hitler's advances can be blocked
What event occurred on the day described as "a date which will live in infamy"?
Attack on Pearl Harbor
What was significant about the Battle of Midway?
It turned the tide of the war in the Pacific against the Japanese
Which of the following was the location of a Nazi extermination camp?
Auschwitz
Which of the following battles marked the final German offensive?
Battle of the Bulge
What caused the Japanese emperor to have reduced power after the war?
The Allies' insistence
Where were atomic bombs dropped?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Which of the following was addressed by the Nuremberg Trials?
The Holocaust