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The Reagan administration presided over the of the airline, telecommunications, and banking industries.
The theory of rested on the idea that lower taxes would encourage people to work more so that they would have more money to spend.
The amount of money owed by the federal government, or the , skyrocketed during Reagan's presidency.
Reagan supported rebellions in Afghanistan, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and
weaken the Soviet Union
Which of the following best describes the 1991 Persian Gulf War?
short, with few American casualties
Principle that the President has the right to keep certain information to himself
Group that placed an oil embargo on the United States
OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries)
In the case of United States v. Nixon, the Supreme Court ruled that
Nixon had to turn over tapes containing Oval Office conversations.
During his presidency, Gerald Ford
faced high inflation, skyrocketing prices, and rising unemployment.
Soon after his inauguration, Carter granted to Americans who had evaded the
draft during the Vietnam War.
What was the central concern of Carter's foreign policy?
expanding human rights in the developing world
Threats posed by Middle East conflicts became a major foreign policy challenge because of the
Iran hostage crisis
In March 1968, what surprising announcement did President Johnson make to the American people?
He would not run for another term as President
President Nixon ordered the secret bombing of the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Cambodia to
reduce the flow of communist supplies
What did the Pentagon Papers reveal?
US leaders misled Congress and the American people about the war
Gave the U.S. Attorney General greater power to protect the voting rights of African Americans
Civil Rights Act of 1957
Not long after the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, African Americans in several cities
What is an argument that people used to prevent affirmative action?
it would violate the goal of creating a colorblind society
What was the outcome of the Alliance for Progress?
Relations between the US and Latin America improved
The Economic Opportunity Act provided some health benefits for Americans over 65 years of age.
In China's civil war, the United States backed
the Nationalists, led by Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-Shek).
In 1950, what event began the conflict on the Korean peninsula?
The North Korean army invaded south of the 38th parallel
How did the American public view General MacArthur after President Truman fired him?
they saw him as a hero
The policy of massive retaliation promised a strong response to Soviet threats against allies, but without the use of nuclear weapons.
Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal by taking it over and putting it under the direct control of the government.
After the Soviets first launched a satellite in 1957, the U.S. government set up NASA to coordinate American space-related efforts.
The Eisenhower Doctrine claimed that the United States and Soviet Union would continue developing more powerful weapons.
J. Robert Oppenheimer was investigated because
he had friends and family who belonged to the Communist Party.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were charged, convicted, and executed for
passing secrets about nuclear science to the Soviets.
The Allies decided to pursue a "Europe First" strategy because they
believed that Germany posed a more serious threat than Japan did
Which of the following was a result of the Battle of Midway?
Japan never again threatened Pacific domination
What was one effect of the D-Day invasion?
The Allies took an important step toward reaching Berlin.
One of the effects of the Battle of the Bulge was that
Germany used its reserves and demoralized its troops in the battle
Which of the following limited the initial U.S. response to the Holocaust?
many people underestimated Hitler's plans
In the years closely following World War II, many African Americans
renewed their efforts to work for civil rights.
The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor because they wanted to
destroy ships and planes that threatened their expansion efforts
After declaring war, the United States government
transformed peacetime industries into war industries.
Signed into law fifteen pieces of legislation in the first hundred days of office
Franklin D. Roosevelt
In 1938, the ___ established a minimum wage and a maximum workweek of 44 hours.
Fair Labor Standards Act
President Roosevelt was accused of ___ when he attempted to increase the number of Justices on the Supreme Court.
___ was a British economist who believed that deficit spending was necessary to provide the necessary relief from the depression.
john maynard keynes
Eleanor Roosevelt showed her support of minorities when she
sat with black delegates at a conference
One way that Americans escaped their concerns during the 1930s was to
go to theaters to watch movies
Which of these factors helped hide economic problems in the 1920s?
Americans purchased many consumer goods on credit.
Why did so many banks fail at the onset of the Great Depression?
Too many depositors tried to withdraw their money all at once
During the Great Depression, many homeless people grouped together to build ___ , or makeshift shantytowns of tents and shacks.
Impoverished people in the cities often waited in to obtain free food from charities and public agencies.
President Hoover responded cautiously to the depression because he
thought that the business cycle would correct itself.
President Hoover urged Congress to institute the RFC because he believed
that the economy suffered from
too much regulation.
Why did many Americans want new leadership in 1932?
President Hoover's economic policies had failed.
What was the condition of America's economy following World War I?
There was a brief recession, followed by economic growth.
What was a major result of Henry Ford's innovative manufacturing techniques?
The sale prices of cars went down
As President, Warren G. Harding
reduced the regulations on businesses put into place by the Progressives.
The Scopes Trial amended the U.S. Constitution to forbid the manufacture, distribution, and sale of alcohol.
When World War I began, President Wilson wanted the United States to
remain neutral because of the nation's
Which of these best describes the impact of World War I on the American
What was the result of the U.S. Senate's refusal to approve the Treaty of
The League of Nations was ineffective.
An economy that is based on mining or producing raw materials to be used in foreign industries is called
The United States wanted overseas territories because the territories had
customers who buy US products
The theory that life consists of competitive struggles in which only the
strong survive is called
The 1898 Treaty of Paris dealt with which territory or territories?
Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines
The Great White Fleet was a group of battleships designed to demonstrate to the world U.S. naval power.
The asserted that the United States should act as Latin America's police power, intervening to restore order when necessary.
Many Progressive reformers targeted city officials who built corrupt organizations called
Founded the National Women's Party, which used public protest marches to demand the right to vote
This stated that the right to vote "shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex"
Theodore Roosevelt became President of the United States when William McKinley was assassinated.
President Theodore Roosevelt promoted a program called the Square Deal to protect the interests of small business owners and the poor.
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