CULTURE & GENDER

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PLAY
Culture
The shared attitudes, beliefs, norms, and behaviors of a group communicated from one generation to the next
population densities
Societies with higher ______________________ require more rules for maintaining social order.
resources
The abundance or lack of ______________________ has a strong influence on the behavior or a culture.
Climate
_________________ has a profound influence on life-styles
Technological
_________________________ inventions influence the interactions of people.
Individualism
Giving priority to personal goals over group goals and defining identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identification
Collectivism
Giving priority to the goals of the group (often the extended family or work group) and
defining personal identity accordingly
Self-Concept
One's sense of self
Achievement Motivation
The desire to excel
Cross-Cultural Research
Testing hypotheses on many groups of people to understand whether principles apply across cultures
Culture-Specific
Principles that are true only for people of a certain culture
Locus of Control
Person's perception of the source of control over fate or what happens in life
Internal Locus of Control
Belief that one can control his fate through his behavior
External Locus of Control
Belief that one's fate is controlled by external circumstances
Socialization
Learning to become a member of a culture including behaviors the individual expects, and what is expected of the individual
Ethnocentrism
The tendency to view the world through your own cultural filters
Gender
Our definition of male and female,
based on socially and culturally influenced characteristics, as well as biology
Gender Role
A set of expected behaviors for males or for females
Gender Identity
Our sense of being male or female
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