30 terms

Ancient Greek and Roman Art

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Round arch
Semicircular arch; curved structure from Ancient Rome
Keystone
Central summit stone that locks another piece by pushing two forces against each other
Barrel Vault
Architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve used for underground purposes
Groin/Cross Vault
Vault created by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults
Dome
Hemispherical structure evolved from the arch
Oculus
Circular opening in the center of a dome
Fresco
Painting on a wet plaster, with water soluble paint, on a wall or ceiling
Mosaic
Type of painting made from small pieces of tesserae (tiles)
Triumphal arch
Monumental structure in the shape of an archway with 1+ arched passageways
Equestrian statue
Statue of a rider on a horse
Pantheon
125 AD, Rome
Very thick walls, occulus, dome over cylinder
Colosseum
75 AD, Rome
Pont du Gard
1st Century BC, France
Pompeii
Cobblestone road, slightly curved, grid system of buildings, Fresco painting
Coffer
The type of ceiling design at the Pantheon
Wet drapery
Victory Adjusting Her Sandal, from the Temple of Athena Nike
Grave Stele of Hegeso
A grave marker that features hierarchy of scale.
Ionic Column
Found on a Greek temple
Rare Hellenistic bronze statue
Seated Boxer shows great emotion
Trigylphs and Metopes
Alternating feature found on temples
Tholos
Circular shrine
Interior built to house a massive statue of Athena
Parthenon
Pediment
feature of a temple decorated with relief/sculpture
Niobides Krater
Red figure pottery with a narrative
Alexander Mosaic
from the House of Faun - Alexander is young and brave, while Darius is horrified and week
Zeus
King of the ancient Greek gods.
kiln
an oven used for making pottery
Panathenaic Way
a ceremonial road for a procession built to honor Athena during a festival.
peplos
a garment worn by women in ancient Greece
peristyle
a colonnade surrounding a building or enclosing a courtyard.
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