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Level 9: Shopping (Grammar)
Terms in this set (22)
MAKE A SENTENCE: 要 (modal verb)
(yào) to want to do something
NOTE: this is different from "future 要" (will). It's similar in usage to 想, but more forceful or direct.
TRANSLATE: Miss, what clothes do you want to buy? [要]
RULE: list all the measure words for clothing
IN ENGLISH: explain the "的 structure" (a noun/pronoun/adjective followed by 的). Give examples!
This is a noun, pronoun, or adjective followed by the structural particle 的. Grammatically a 的 structure is equivalent to a noun.
For example, "红的(衬衫)"= red (shirt). The noun can be omitted if the context of the 的 structure is clear.
MAKE A SENTENCE: 能不能
can... or not?
能不能换一双？can I exchange this pair (or not)?
能不能试一下？can I try it on (or not)?
能不能便宜一点儿？can it be a little cheaper?
TRANSLATE: Can this pair be exchanged (or not)?
MAKEA SENTENCE: 多.. ?
used interrogatively (in a question)
多少？ ＝ (duō shao) how much/many
多少？＝ (duō dà) how big?
多长？＝ (duō cháng) how long?
TRANSLATE: What size? Large, medium, or small?
MAKE A SENTENCE: ...跟...一样
(gēn... yí yàng) A is the same [adj] as B
(gēn... bù yí yàng) A is not the same [adj] as B
TRANSLATE: This pair is the same size as the other one.
MAKE A SENTENCE: 虽然... 但是／可是...
(suī rán... dàn shì/kě shì...) even though..., but...
TRANSLATE: Even though the size of this pair of shoes is suitable, the color is not suitable.
MAKE A SENTENCE: 不过
(bú guò) however; but
TRANSLATE: However, this pair's cost is the same as that one, you don't have to pay any more money. [不过]
RULE: List all the measure words for money, starting from a hundred (dollars) and ending with cents
MAKE A SENTENCE: 如果...的话
(rú guǒ...de huà) if...
Ex. 如果长短合适的话，我就买 = if the length is suitable, then i'll buy it
TRANSLATE: If the length is suitable, then I'll buy it.
RULE: (in English) explain the 打X折 structure, and how it's different from English usage. Give examples.
(dǎ X zhé) to discount by X%
打九折 = 10% off [i.e. 90% of the original price]
打一折 = 90% off [i.e. 10% of the original price]
TRANSLATE: 10% off
TRANSLATE: 90% off
MAKE A SENTENCE: 找(钱)
(zhǎo) to find change [from A to B]
我找你十五块五毛一 ＝ I give you ¥15.51 [of change]
TRANSLATE: I find you ¥45.51 [of change]
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Level 8: School Life (Grammar)
Level 7: Studying Chinese (Grammar)
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