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Reading Quiz (period 3) 6,7,8
Terms in this set (25)
How did the Chinese influence Korea in terms of belief systems?
Scholars brought back books. This helped interest Confucian tradition with aristocrats. While upper classes turned to Confucianism, lower classes followed Buddhism.
In what ways did Korea differ from China?
The aristocrats and royal families dominated Korean society, this made political initiative remain in the hands of the ruling class. Korea also never established a bureaucracy based on merit like Tang and Song china.
Which level of society in Vietnam readily adopted Confucian Ideas?
The elites. Viet elites studied Confucian texts and took exams based on Chinese style education.
In what ways did Vietnam differ from China?
Women in Vietnam society played a more important role than Chinese women. Women in Vietnam dominated markets, and actively participated in business ventures.
During the Heian period, what was the role of the emperor?
The emperor was Japan's supreme political authority. Japanese emperors would serve as ceromonial figureheads and symbols of authority.
Which group of women made notable achievements in literature?
Aristocratic women made notable achievements in Japanese literature. One of their most notable works was "The Tale of Genji", this was about the experiances of an imperial prince named Genji.
Rather than abolish the position of emperor after the Gempei Wars, who did the Minamoto family install to rule Japan while the emperor remained only as a ceremonial figure?
They installed a clan leader called the shogun. The shogun was a military governor who ruled in place of the emperor.
During medieval Japan, what was valued in place of etiquette and courtesy? Which social class will develop to enforce local authority?
Military talent and discipline replaced the value of etiquette and courtesy. The samuri was then created to enforce authority in their teritories and to extend claims into other lands.
What military materials and techniques did the Mongols employ against their enemies?
The mongols used were bow and arrows, horses and psychological warfare.
How was the Mongolian Empire divided after the death of Genghis Khan?
The empire was divided into four regional empires. The great khan's ruled China, one of his sons ruled the khanate of chaghati in Central Asia, Ilkhans ruled Persia, and the Golden Horde dominated Russia.
Describe the impact the Mongolians had on trade.
Mongols wanted to make secure trade routes and ensure the safety of merchants through territories. This allowed lower class merchants to travel unharmed. It also caused an increase in commercial investemnts. China and western Europe became directly linked for the first time.
What was the mongol policy of resettlement?
Mongol overlords would recruit the talent they need from their allies and the people they've conquered, to move from their homeland to sites where they were best suited for their abilities.
why did the Ilkanate collapse?
When paper money was introduced for a form of payment for debt. it soon became a failure, merchants would not accept it and closed down shop. Ilkhanate also fell because the last Mongol ruler did not have a heir.
What events led to the collapse of the Yuan Dynasty?
It's decline was more complicated affairs. Like the Ilkhanate, paper money was the main reason. Paper money wasn't able to maintain adequate reserves which the general population lost confidence in.
Apart from financial difficulties and factional divisions, what biological problem did the Mongols face?
Bubonic Plague. Because of facilitating trade/communication throughout Eurasia, the Mongols were able to spread the disease. The Mongols also faced rebellious subject populations. China became the capital of peasant rebellion and banditry.
What wee the two routes by which Islam arrived in Africa.
Over-land Trans-Sahara and East Africa using the sea lanes of the Indian Ocean.
What led to Ghana's dramatic transformation into a powerful trading kingdom? Who demanded this resource?
Gold. Muslim merchants would travel across the Sahara to Ghana in search for gold for heir consumers.
How did the conversion of West africa Kings impact trade?
it helped improve relations with Muslim merchants and with Muslim nomads who transported trade goods.
Explain Mansa Musa role in expanding the Islamic faith
He took inspiration from his trip to Mecca. He built mosques, sent students to study with Islamic scholars. He also established religious schools. with descendants of Muhammad to make Islam known in Mali.
Who were the Swahili?
they were a group of merchants who traded along the east African coast.
Describe the development of the Swahili city-states.
By controlling and taxing trade local chiefs strengthened their authority and influence on community. Soon trade concentrated on coastal and island port cities. Those cities later developed into powerful city-states governed by a king.
Who was Ibn Battuta? Describe his journeys.
He was a Moroccan jurist who travelled throughout the Eastern hemisphere. He offered detailed account of his travels to Mogadishu describing the city's mercantile and social customs, along with their hospitality.
Discuss the role of women in sub-Saharan Africa as compared to other parts of the world? Did Islam dramatically alter the role of women in Africa? Explain.
In sub-Saharan Africa women had more opprotunities open to them. Women had high honor, positions of power and influence on public affairs. Women even engaged in combat/military force unit. But in south Africa, islam did not deeply influence them. They did not honor the same social codes. Women wore veils/lived secluded lives.
Describe the nature of slavery in Africa?
Slaves were a major form of personal wealth in sub-Saharan Africa. In order to build wealth, individuals had to increase agricultural production. Owning slaves increased social status for their owners.
Who demanded the most slaves? Which group of people primarily traded the slaves to these markets?
Markets in India, Persia, and the Mediterranean basin. Muslim merchants primarily traded the slaves to these markets.
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