The Triple Entente was formed in reaction to
A: Britain's military bishop
C: France's military buildup
B: Russia's military buildup
D: Germany's military buildup
Germany's military buildup
Great Britain declared war on Germany because
A: It invaded Belgium
C: It invaded Russia
B: It invaded France
D: It invaded Britain
It invaded Belgium
Italy and Japan entered the war to
A: Grab defeated nations' property
B: Honor alliances
C: Prove military power
D: To put down socialist ideas
Grab defeated nations' property
All of the following were new war weapons EXCEPT
A: U-Boats C: Airplanes
B: Tanks D: Guided Missles
The Battle of the Marne was important because
A: It kept France from entering Germany
B: It kept Germany from entering Paris
C: It pushed the U.S. into the war
D: It was the longest battle of the war
It kept Germany from entering Paris
As nations tried to outlast each other, World War I became
A: A total war
C: A propaganda war
B: A war of attrition
D: A war of technology
A war of attrition
Control of the new Russia was won by
A: The Mensheviks
C: The White Russians
B: The Bolsheviks
D: The Duma
The newly formed Communist Party
A: signed a treaty with the Central Powers
B: signed a treaty with the Allies.
C: requested protection from Japan.
D: requested protection from the United States.
signed a treaty with the Central Powers
Civil war in Russia was forced by
A: groups that wanted to restore the Duma.
B: groups that wanted to exit the war.
C: groups that wanted to restore the monarchy.
D: groups that wanted to institute democracy.
groups that wanted to restore the monarchy.
The Treat of Brest Litovsk allowed the Germans to
A: concentrate their troops in Russia.
B: mobilize more troops against Italy.
C: mobilize more troops against France.
D: use Russia's navy
mobilize more troops against France
During the Paris Peace Conference, the U.S. and Europe disagreed about:
A: demands for future neutrality
B: the rise of communism
C: the importance of colonies
D: the presence of former Central Powers
the presence of former Central Powers
The Allies generally wanted to
A: weaken Germany permanently
B: isolate Russia
C: disarm Russia
D: rebuild and form relationships with Germany
weaken Germany permanently
A: part of the new Poland
B: a mixed nation of many Balkan peoples.
C: land that Russia had annexed during the war.
D: the new capital city of Czechoslovakia
a mixed nation of many Balkan peoples.
All the following were effects of the Treaty of Versailles EXCEPT:
A: the restoration of Poland
B: the restoration of Prussia
C: Austria and Hungary separated.
D: France regained Alsace-Lorraine
the restoration of Prussia
When the League of Nations created a mandate it
A: called for establishment of a world bank.
B: put international waterways under control
C: called for the end of all tariffs.
D: put colonies of defeated power under the rule of "advanced" nations
put colonies of defeated power under the rule of "advanced" nations
At the end of WWI, people around the world were devastated by:
A: small wars and uprisings
B: a deadly flu
C: terrorist attacks
D: peasant revolts
a deadly flu
Moral relativism meant that:
A: some people were born evil
B: all people were potentially evil.
C: no one set of values was good for all groups.
D: morality meant the same thing to everyone
no one set of values was good for all groups
Functionalism stressed that objects should
A: be designed for style.
B: be designed for use.
C: reflect randomness.
D: be designed to reflect the subconscious
be designed for use.
The Great Depression affected:
A: only the US
B: the world.
C: nations that did not practice protectionism
D: only industrialized nations.
The people of the US particularly suffered during the Great Depression because:
A: they instituted too many social programs.
B: people did not trust social programs.
C: they had few social programs that helped people.
D: people refused to believe in the seriousness of the Depression.
they had few social programs that helped people.
Roosevelt's New Deal program did all the following EXCEPT:
A: reform banks and markets.
B: provide more money for the military.
C: create jobs with public works programs.
D: help provide basic necessities
provide more money for the military
The Maginot Line was
A: the new French border
B: a line of credit for French farmers
C: a new part of the French army.
D: a wall built to keep out the Germans.
a wall built to keep out the Germans.
The Popular Front was a French
A: left wing government
B: workers' union.
C: people's army
D: fascist group.
left wing government.
Postwar Britain's economic recovery was based on
A: the return to a strong monarchy.
B: a more powerful democracy.
C: a conservative government.
D: a coalition Labour and Liberal government
A coalition Labour and Liberal government
Mussolini's corporatist state
A: Determined representation by area of business.
B: Determined representation by wealth of a region.
C: Based the government on free market ideas
D: Made the government head of all businesses.
Determined representation by area of business.
the Weimar Republic was unpopular because
A: it was a harsh regime.
B: people felt the constitution was not fair.
C: it did not promote German business well enough.
D: people felt it had signed a humiliating treaty.
People felt it had signed a humiliating treaty.
Hitler's movement of troops into the Rhineland
A: prompted a warning from the League of Nations.
B: prompted counter-armament from France.
C: led to bombing by League of Nations forces.
D: got no response.
Got no response.
Russia's Communist government tried to improve food production by:
A: closing factories
B: taking over ownership of farms.
C: having peasants form collective farms.
D: allowing private ownership of farms.
Having peasants form collective farms.
Unlike Trotsky, Stalin believed that
A: The socialist revolution should take place throughout the world.
B: Communism needed to succeed in the Soviet Union before spreading.
C: Soviets needed to mix government and private ownership.
D: Soviets needed to move towards a more moderate type of socialism.
B: Communism needed to succeed in the Soviet Union before spreading.
The purpose of the Comintern was
A: To spy on anti-communist activity.
B: To spread communism in other countries
C: To administer communist rule
D: To develop future communist leaders
To spread communism in other countries
The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty stated that
A: Britain could not keep troops in Egypt
B: The two nations would support each other if war broke out in the Middle East
C: The two nations would lower tariffs for each other only
D: Egypt would become a protectorate
The two nations would support each other if war broke out in the Middle East.
Zionism is a movement for
A: Egyptian independence
B: Iraqi independence
C: An Arab independent state
D: A Jewish homeland
A Jewish homeland
British who were against Indian independence believed
A: India would not survive without them
B: India owed them for years of British support
C: The loss of India would destroy the British Empire
D: A free India would become an enemy to Britain
The loss of India would destroy the British Empire
Under Kemai's rule
A: Women had more rights
B: Women had fewer tights
C: The clergy had more influence
D: The army had more influence
Women had more rights
African independence movements were influenced by
B: Communist leaders
C: The spread of ideas through war experience
D: The spread of ideas through trade
The spread of ideas through war experience
African anti-colonial movements followed the lead of
A: The Russian Revolution
B: The Mao Zedong
All of the following are Sun Yixian's principles for government EXCEPT
A: Political unification and no foreign influence
B: Isolationist trade policy
C: Democracy and rights for Chinese people
D: Industrialization and fair distribution of land
Isolationist trade policy
Struggles within the Kuomintang ended with
A: The warlords in control of China
B: Communists in control of China
C: Conservative nationalists in control of China
D: Socialists in control of China
Conservative nationalists in control of China
The Nanjing government failed to
B: Develop foreign trade relationships
C: Repair China's infrastructure
D: Improve life for peasants
Improve life for peasants
The Treaty of Portsmouth resulted in
A: Japan's dominance in much of Asia
B: Russia's attempt to move into Korea
C: Russia's decision to re-arm and increase its military dominance
D: A close relationship between the U.S. and Japan
Japan's dominance in much of Asia
Japan was angered by the U.S. Policy on
A: Trade with Japan
B: Preferential trade with China
C: Prohibition of Asian immigrants
D: Prohibition of Asian products
Prohibition of Asian immigrants
Modernized Japan included all of the following EXCEPT
A: The rise of worker unions
B: Western ideas and culture
C: Shift from country to city
D: The rise of communism
The rise of communism
Diego Rivera related worker concerns as a(n)
A: Member of the Mexican Parliament
B: Leader of the Mexican socialist party
D: Newspaper columnist
Political upheaval in 1930s Latin America was the result of
A: The banning of labor unions
B: Wars between nations
C: The worldwide Great Depression
D: Postwar moral disillusionment
The worldwide Great Depression
Latin American economic nationalism was exemplified by
A: Development of labor unions
B: Development of collective farming to increase output
C: Reduction of tariffs
D: Nationalization of foreign-owned oil companies
Nationalization of foreign-owned oil companies
Japan's move into China was met by
A: Economic sanctions
B: A condemnation
C: Threats of war
D: Blockade of Japan's ports
The international Brigades fought for
A: The League of Nations
B: The Nationalists
C: The Loyalists
D: The Ethiopians
The Axis Powers came together
A: As a trade organization
B: As a peace organization
C: To fight fascism
D: To fight communism
To fight communism
To avoid war with Germany, Britain and France promised not to
A: Join with Russia
B: Interfere with Italy's expansion
C: Interfere with German annexation of Czechoslovakia
D: Join with the United States
Interfere with German annexation of Czechoslovakia
Stalin signed a nonaggression pact with Germany because
A: He wanted to protect eastern Europe
B: He and Hitler wanted to divide up eastern Europe
C: He hoped to prevent the spread of fascism
D: The Soviet navy needed access to waterways
He and Hitler wanted to divide up eastern Europe
The conquest of Norway and Denmark was important to Germany because they
A: Were growing communist powers
B: Had alliances with Great Britain and France
C: Provided access to the Atlantic Ocean
D: Had an alliance with the United States
Provided access to the Atlantic Ocean
The Battle of Britain was fought mostly
A: On the sea
B: At Dunkerque
C: In the air
D: Through propaganda
In the air
Soviet armies fighting Germany benefited from
A: Polish aid
B: Cold weather
C: Access to the Mediterranean for supplies
D: Chinese aid
Japan's attack on islands of French Indochina
A: Drew Australia into the war
B: Drew the U.S. into the war
C: Cut off Soviet supply lines
D: Cut off British supply lines
Cut off British supply lines
Victory in the Balkans gave the Axis Powers
A: Access to Middle Eastern and Russian waterways
B: Access to Middle Eastern and Russian oil fields
C: Control over communist uprisings
D: Control over Turkey
Access to Middle Eastern and Russian oil fields
according to Hitler's plan, eastern Europe would become living space for
B: French and British collaborators
C: The Aryan race
D: Japanese traders
The Aryan race
In the concentration camps, the people least likely to be executed were
C: The healthiest
D: The weakest
All of the following helped Jews escape the Holocaust EXCEPT
A: Anne Frank
B: Many Danish citizens
C: Oskar Schindler
D: Raoul Wallenberg
The "Soft underbelly of the Axis" referred to
A: Italy and the Balkans
B: North Africa
D: The Soviet Union
Italy and the Balkans
Victory against Japan came after
A: Europe surrendered
B: The Allied victory at Okinawa
C: The loss of Midway
D: Atomic bomb attacks on Japan
Atomic bomb attacks on Japan
The leaders at Potsdam agreed that Germany should
A: Be divided and annexed to another country
B: Become a dominion of an Allied country
C: Be divided into independent states
D: Remain a single country
Remain a single country
The Nurnberg trials resulted in
A: The Nazi Party being declared a criminal organization
B: The Nazi Party's limitation on the number of parliamentary seats it could hold
C: Convicted Nazis having to pay reparations
D: Convicted Nazis being banished from politics
The Nazi Party being declared a criminal organization
The United Nations' Security council was
A: Made up of ten permanent members
B: Made up of all member nations
C: Made up of temporary and permanent members
D: The UN president and other heads of state
Made up of temporary and permanent members
Fear of invasion made the Soviets demand that
A: They be allowed to annex Eastern European nations
B: Eastern European nations become communist
C: Eastern European nations disarm
D: Germany remain divided
Eastern European nations become communist
The Marshall Plan intended to
A: Prevent the spread of communism
B: Commit the U.S. to isolationist policies
C: Divide Germany into four parts
D: Help Europe's economic recovery
Help Europe's economic recovery
Yugoslavia was expelled from Cominform because it wanted to
A: Remain democratic
B: Resist Soviet Domination
C: Join the UN
D: Accept Marshall Plan aid
Resist Soviet Domination
The Warsaw Pact was
A: An East-West agreement that Poland remain neutral
B: A treaty between the Soviet Union and Poland
C: The Eastern bloc mutual defense agreement
D: The agreement to divide Germany
The Eastern bloc mutual defense agreement
Postwar West Germany becmae
C: A Constitutional monarchy
D: A limited dectatiorship
As president of the Fifth Republic, Charles de Gaulle
A: Freed Algeria
B: Maintained French power over Algeria
C: Formed a military dictatorship
D: Tried to reunite Germany
The European Economic Community agreed to
A: Establish one currency
B: Eliminate tariffs between member nations
C: Trade only with NATO members
D: Establish high tariffs for communist nations
Eliminate tariffs between member nations
As Soviet leader, Khrushchev
A: Made some peace with NATO countries
B: Increased restrictions and repression
C: Denounced Stalinist repression and restrictions
D: Helped spread communism to Scandinavian nations
Denounced Stalinist repression and restrictions
Lyndon Johnson's Great Society was a plan
A: To eliminate worldwide communism
B: To eliminate communism from the U.S.
C: For U.S. isolationism
D: Of social reforms
Of social reforms
SEATO was a(n)
A: Pro-communist organization
B: Anti-communist organization
C: Civil rights organization
D: Welfare plan
The Cuban Missile Crisis was a
A: Standoff between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
B: Battle over U.S. military occupation of Cuba
C: battle over U.S. military occupation of Puerto Rico
D: Standoff between the Soviet Union and democratic China
Standoff between th U.S. and the Soviet Union
Nationalism became apparent in Canada when
A: It moved to separate from Great Britain
B: Quebec tried to separate from Canada
C: Quebec tried to separate from France
D: British Columbia tried to separate form Canada
Quebec tried to separate from Canada
Lenin's New Economic Policy called for nationalization of most industries mixed with some free enterprise
African isolation during World War 1 meant that there continued to be only a minimal independence movement
The U.S. wanted Eastern European nations to be under Western control to provide a buffer against Soviet invasions