Upgrade to remove ads
Sports Med Chapter 4 Test
Terms in this set (28)
Describe what happens to cause excessive pronation.
Foot/ankls roll inward too much and foot is unlocked and flexible durring pushoff
What problems are caused by excessive pronation
Plantar fasciitis, shin splints, patellofemoral pain
Describe what happens to cause excessive supination
Foot and ankle fail to roll inward after heel strike
What types of injuries occur from excessive supination
Plantar fasciitis, lateral ankle sprains, and iliotibial band syndrome
Describe how a persons shoe would wear if they are an excessive supinatior
Wear down the outside of the shoe
Describe how a persons shoe would wear if they are an excessive pronatior
Wear down the inside of the shoe
What is the last of a shoe
Foot shape from which the shoe is built
During what movement is the ankle most stable? Least stable?
Most: dorsiflexion; Least: plantar flexion
The ligament arrangement of the ankle limits what types of movements?
Inversion and eversion at the subtalar joint
When is it okay to return to activity after an ankle injury?
_______________ cartilage covers the end of the bones in the joints. It is a slippery surface that allows the bones to slide easily over one another. Also_____________ shock in the joint. Protects the surface. In the knee is located on the top of the tibia, bottom of the femur, and back of the patella.
The MCL and the LCL prevent the knee from moving in the___________ to _____________ motion
The ACL and the PCL control the _____________ and back motion of the knee.
The menisci act as a________________ to spread the force of the body over a larger area, and assist the ligaments with the stability of the knee by acting line a___________ and making the surface more of a socket type of surface. This protects the articular cartilage. However, menisci heal slowly because they have poor blood supply.
What type of action caused an ACL tear
Changing direction rapidly, landing from a jump incorrectly
What actions caused an MCL injury
Direct blow to the outside of the knee
What actions cause a PCL injury
Blow to the front of the knee
What actions cause a meniscal injury
Twisting, cutting, pivoting, being tackled, arthritis or aging
An___________ injury in growing adolescence
How many more times likely are females than males to tear ACL
5-8 times more likely
How many injuries were reduced from the (new warmup) program
1/3 reducing; 1/2 for severe
Why do they think females may be more prone to ACL injuries
Wide hips puts more stress on hormones
What is the largest strongest muscle of the shoulder:__________________
What two things keep the shoulder together?
Labrum and ligaments
What makes this such a complicated joint?
High degree of mobility and limited stability
What is another name for an acromioclavicular sprain
The___________________ is typically injured when a person dislocates their shoulder.
What would you see if a person had a bicep rupture
Protruding bulge in the bicep - Divot in arm
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Ch. 18 Injuries and Etiology
AFAA: Injury Prevention
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
American Short Story Midterm
Lab 5 Physics Quiz