Terms in this set (36)
The small, Mediterranean Island where Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769.
Brienne-le-Château Military Academy
French academy where Napoleon got his military training.
Napoleon's military expertise. Napoleon excelled in the mathematical fields of geometry and trigonometry and therefore, could aim/fire cannons very well.
Napoleon in the French Revolution
Napoleon supported Robespierre during the French Revolution. Robespierre made Brigadier General of the French Army.
Napoleon fought an Italian-Austrian coalition from 1796-1797 for control of Italy.
Battle of Mondovì
Napoleon's greatest victory of the Italian Campaign. Napoleon's victory forced Italy to surrender & leave the Italian-Austrian coalition.
Treaty of Campo Formio
The Treaty of Camp Formio ended Napoleon's Italian Campagin. In the treaty, the Italian-Austrian coalition surrendered control of territory in Italy and Austria to Napoleon.
True or False - The Directory asked Napoleon to invade England, but Napoleon decided instead to invade Egypt to disrupt England's Middle East trade routes.
(England to Egypt)
Napoleon fought an Egyptian-British coalition from 1789-1799 to disrupt England's Middle Eastern trade.
Battle of the Pyramids
Napoleon's greatest victory in the Egyptian Campaign. Napoleon defeated an Egyptian/British coalition and captured the Egyptian capital city of Cairo on July 21, 1798.
Battle of the Nile
Napoleon's worst defeat in the Egyptian Campaign. The British navy destroyed the French navy from August 1-3, 1798 in Egypt's Aboukir Bay
The Rosetta Stone
Egyptian artifact that allowed scholars to decode Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Napoleon's forces discovered the Rosetta Stone during the Egyptian Campaign on July 19, 1799.
November Coup D'état
On November 9, 1799, Napoleon successfully overthrew the Directory in a coup d'état. Napoleon replaced the Directory with the Consulate and made himself First Consul.
True or False - Although he professed belief in the French Revolution's ideas, Napoleon crowned himself Emperor of France on December 2, 1804
Napoleon sold France's North American territory to then-president Thomas Jefferson on April 30, 1803.
Battle of Austerlitz
The greatest victory of Napoleon's military career. Napoleon had only 68,000 troops while his Austrian-Prussian enemies had 90,000 troops. Despite being outnumbered, Napoleon successfully executed a "Divide-&-Conquer" battle plan to win the battle.
The Continental System
Napoleon's plan to weaken England. Napoleon forced all nations in continental Europe NOT to trade with England in order to to weaken England's economy.
The major European nation to withdraw from Napoleon's Continental System.
Napoleon's Invasion of Russia
The worst defeat of Napoleon's military career. Napoleon decided to invade Russia to punish them for withdrawing from his Continental System
"Scorched Earth" Strategy
When Russians gathered valuable items (food, farm animals, clothing, medicine) burned their houses, and left their village as it burned to the ground. The Russians retreated deeper into Russia and further away from French troops. As French troops moved deeper into Russia, they entered the "scorched earth" villages. Because there was no food or shelter in the "scorched" Russian villages, French soldiers began to starve and/or freeze to death.
500,000 French soldiers
The number of French soldiers that starved/froze to death, were killed, or were taken prisoner as Napoleon's forces retreated from Russia.
General Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly
Commander of the Prussian-Austrian-Russian coalition who captured captured Paris on March 30, 1814.
Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814)
Treaty signed on April 6, 1814 that forced Napoleon to surrender control of the French Army and exiled him to the Mediterranean island of Elba.
Mediterranean island where Napoleon was exiled from May 30,1814 - February 26, 1815.
"100 Days" Campaign
Time period from March 20, 1815 -
June 18, 1815 when Napoleon:
1. Returned to France from Elba
2. Defeated an British-Prussian coalition at the Battle of Ligny
3. Lost the Battle of Waterloo to the Austrian-Prussian-British-Russian coalition
The Battle of Waterloo
Napoleon's final defeat on June 18, 1815.
The French suffered more than 33,000 causalities at the Battle of Waterloo
Arthur Wellesley the Duke of Wellington aka "The Iron Duke"
Commander of the British-Prussian coalition who defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815
Treaty of Paris (1815)
Treaty that forced Napoleon to surrender his control of the French Army and exiled him to the island of St. Helena
Small island in the Southern Atlantic Ocean where Napoleon was exiled after the Battle of Waterloo until his death on May 5, 1821.
Marie "Joséphine" Tascher
The most famous of Napoleon's wives. After their tumultuous love, the couple divorced in 1809 because they could not conceive a male child to succeed Napoleon as Emperor of France.
The amateur historian who developed the theory that Napoleon was murdered with Arsenic poisoning.
Charles Tristan De'montholon
The man widely suspected of poisoning Napoleon with Arsenic on St. Helena
Primary Sources from Napoleonic Era
The love letter of Napoleon & Josephine
Journal entries from soldiers who fought for or against Napoleon
Dr. Francois Antommarchi
Napoleon's personal doctor on St. Helena.
General Hudson Lowe
The English military officer in command of Napoleon's imprisonment on St. Helena
Napoleon's series of legal reforms that retained some ideas from the French Revolution - abolishment of the Estates system and therefore, a meritocracy for military and government jobs.
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