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Hymnology test 2
Terms in this set (42)
How did Luther and Calvin feel congregational singing should be performed?
in unison; no instrumental accompaniment
difference? Calvin-psalms Luther-adapted or newly written
What types of texts did Calvin prefer?
congregation sang the entire psalter twice during each year; no serious consideration of hymnody. Calvin and his colleagues believed that God had provided all that was necessary for man to worship him; that he should be praised only with His own words; in addition to psalms-Ten Commandments, the Nunc Dimittis, and the Apostles' Creed
Facts about Luther's hymns
Where did Calvin work?
What was Zwingli's stance about music in church?
no singing-takes away from text
What was the musical form of many Lutheran chorales?
Worked in Wittenburg
30 yrs war
How did Bach's attitudes toward congregational singing differ from Luther's?
writing for more choir style
Luther posted his 95 theses on
October 31, 1517
What is Pietism and how was it reflected in singing?
leader- Philip Jakob Spener (1635-1705) of Strasbourg (later Frankfurt)
experience is the basis for knowledge
they often turned from conventional religious meetings to house churches and from traditional chorales to more intimate songs, often solos accompanied by organs, expressing personal faith and commitment
Texts sometimes emphasized painful details of Christ's suffering.
Praxis Pietatis Melica
hymnal in Berlin
King of England
married to Catherine of Aragon
newly appointed Archbishop of Canterbury, annulled his marriage to Catherine
succeeded Henry VIII in 1547
him and Cranmer est. English as language of church and ordaining Book of Common Prayer
Groom of the Royal Wardrobe for Henry VIII and later for young Edward VI
published by Calvin-1539
4 part psalter after Calvin died
separated from Zwingli -came from his sect
leader of bohemians
priest in Prague-questioned church about indulgences and was excommunicated
translated the Bible into English
founded by Dutch leader Menno Simmons became descendants of Anabaptists.
originally Bohemian Brethren
followers of Hus
moved out east of Bohemia when being persecuted
the Genevan Psalter
150 psalms (all psalms)
"Sternhold and Hopkins"
Amish hymnbook; one of the oldest in the world
collaborator with Calvin-text
after Marot died
collaborator with Calvin-text
wrote most tunes for Calvin
Bourgeois wrote it
brought back to England by Marian exiles
set to Psalm 100 in England
doxology , Best known tune of a psalter is the one for Psalm 134 by Loys Bourgeois- "Praise God from whom all blessings flow"
Unitas Fratrum- Unity of Brethren (bread and cup)
associated with Hus
"Bloody" Mary (Marian exiles)
daughter of Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII
devout Catholic in England
wants to kill protestants
spiritual fervor from Geneva-(Anglo-Genevan Psalter) song book
take psalm settings and find Calvin
Knox and the origin of the Presbyterian church
leaders of the Marian exiles in Geneva
led in the establishment of a Reformed Protestant national church in 1560
under his leadership the Scottish psalter was published
founded church of Scotland Edinburgh
Tate and Brady
The New Version -1696
more ornate and melismatic
croft and "embellished" music
pastor of a baptist church
Who was more likely to use "Common tunes?"
-rather than Germans or Swiss
Whats the difference between "Common" and "Proper" tunes?
Common-not dedicated to a particular text and could be used for any song with the appropriate meter
Proper-intended for specific texts and not likely to be used in other settings
What was the status of "hymnody" rather than "psalmody" in the 16th-18th c. England?
preferred psalmody- authority from God
not congregational singing
Who prohibited Coverdale's hymnody?
Henry VIII-banned Goostly psalms (holy spirit)
Playfords published a few hymns, but they were not generally accepted.
wrote in caves
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