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World Religions - Exam 2
Terms in this set (25)
what significant event in Christian history occurred in 312 CE?
-Constantine affirms Christianity
-made it legal
The Hebrew word translated Messiah and the Greek word translated Christ each mean
the anointed one
Name the four Jewish sectarian groups that were prominent in Jesus' day:
Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and Zealots
What is the term used by Eastern Orthodox Christians to refer to growth in holiness and union with God?
Zoroaster's original name was _____, which Nietzsche used in one of his famous philosophical writings
what Jewish holiday is associated with Judas Maccabaeus?
What is a Sufi?
In islam, the Sufis are the mystics - named after the wool garment worn by the first sufis. These mystics attempt to discipline both the mind and body in order to directly experience God.
in Hebrew letters, the number 666 probably means _______
before arabic numerals, people used letters to represent numbers. If you take the number 666 in hebrew letters, it translates to "nero caesar"
Yahweh, a name for God used in the Hebrew Scriptures, is probably a derivative of the verb ______ (use English equivalent).
"I am"/"To be"
Jewish people focus more on _____ than on belief.
the sermon on the mount represents a progression from unlimited retaliation to limited retaliation (Lex Taliones), to limited love (love your neighbor and hate your enemy), to ______
In India, Zoroastrians are referred to as ___ bc they came from Persia
the most important event in the history of the Jewish people and in the Jewish religion is _____.
Tanakh is an acronym for ____, ___, and ___.
Torah (teaching), Nevi'im (prophets), and Ketuvim (writings).
Cyrus, the Persian emperor who released the Israelites from exile in Babylon, probably practiced this religion ______.
The authoritative list of the twenty-seven books that make up the New Testament is known as the ____.
The ten commandments were given to this person ______ on Mount Sinai (some sources say Mount Horeb).
The word "catholic" means _____
What significant meeting of Christian Bishops occurred in 325 CE?
Council of Nicea
The three Abrahamic religions are: ______, _____, and ______.
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
Name the two Islamic sects
Sunni and Shi'ite
What is Ashura?
10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. Also marks the day that Moses and Israelites were saved by Pharaoh by God parting the red sea.
5 pillars of Islam
-There is no god but Allah and muhammad is his prophet
-Daily prayer, 5 times a day
-Fasting during the month of Ramadan
-Pilgrimage to Mecca
Describe one religious concept, belief, or practice in Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, or Islam that was explained in assigned readings, but not discussed in class, Use essay form with an introduction, body, and conclusion
describe and explain the meaning of a religious concept or practice that particularly interests you and with which you were not familiar prior to this course. the concept or practice may be from any religion discussed so far this semester. use essay form with an introduction, body, and conclusion.
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