Upgrade to remove ads
Triads and Seventh Chords
Terms in this set (52)
Two or more intervals sounded together.
3-note chords comprised of two thirds stacked on top of each other.
What is the interval between the lowest pitch of a triad and the highest?
What are the pitch position names of each note in a triad?
Root, third and fifth.
What are the pitch position names of each note in a seventh chord?
Root, third, fifth and seventh.
When the root of a triad or seventh chord is the lowest sounding voice, the chord is said to be in which position?
When the third of a triad or seventh chord is the lowest sounding voice, the chord is said to be in which inversion?
When the fifth of a triad or seventh chord is the lowest sounding voice, the chord is said to be in which position?
When the seventh of a seventh chord is the lowest sounding voice, the chord is said to be in which position?
If the accidentals of the two pitches in a fifth match, what is the interval quality?
Perfect unless the pitches are B and F.
How do a major triad and a minor triad differ?
The major triad has the interval of a major third between the root and third and the minor triad has the interval of a minor third. The fifths are perfect.
What are the qualities of triads?
Major, minor, diminished and augmented.
How can you determine if a triad is diminished?
The thirds are minor and the fifth is diminished.
How can you determine if a triad is augmented?
The thirds are major and the fifth is augmented.
In a major key, which diatonic triads are major?
I, IV, and V
In a major key, which diatonic triads are minor?
ii, iii, and vi
In a major key, what is the quality of the triad built on the leading tone?
In a minor key (natural form), which diatonic triads are minor?
i, iv, and v
In a minor key (natural form), which diatonic triads are major?
III, VI, and VII
In a minor key (natural form), which diatonic triads are diminished?
Using the harmonic form of the minor scale most commonly effects which two triads?
The triads built on the dominant pitch and the leading tone.
The mediant triad in a minor key also has the seventh scale degree as one of its chord tones. Why is it rare to see the leading tone in this triad?
Using the leading tone creates an augmented triad which is rarely used in a chord progression.
Are the root and the bass (lowest) voice in a triad or seventh chord the same pitch?
Which triad inversion is the weakest because of its dissonant harmonic fourth between the bass and an upper voice?
The second-inversion triad.
How do you identify the root and Roman numeral of an inverted triad or seventh chord?
Figure out how they would be notated if they were stacked in thirds.
A keyboard accompaniment usually doubled by a cello or another low instrument from the Baroque era.
A bass line with numbers written under it or over it. The numbers represent the intervals to be played above the bass to make the chords.
In figured bass, which chord tones should be used?
Diatonic pitches unless an accidental is in the figure.
An accidental by itself in figured bass affects which note?
The third above the bass.
What does an accidental next to a number mean in figured bass?
Alter the note indicated above the bass.
What does a slash through a number mean in figured bass?
Raise the note indicated.
If there are no numbers in the figure, what intervals are played above the bass?
A diatonic fifth and third.
Harmonies indicated with chord symbols above the melody line in popular music.
A chord played one pitch at a time.
MM7 (Major 7th)
Major triad and major seventh.
Mm7 (Dominant 7th)
Major triad and minor seventh.
mm7 (minor 7th)
Minor triad and minor seventh.
Diminished triad and minor seventh
Fully diminished 7th
Diminished triad and diminished seventh
In major keys, which chords are MM7?
I7 and IV7
In major keys, which chords are mm7?
ii7, iii7, and vi7
In major keys, what is the quality of the seventh chord built on the 5th scale degree?
Mm7 commonly know as a dominant 7th.
In major keys, what is the quality of the seventh chord built on the 7th scale degree?
A half-diminished 7th, diminished triad and minor 7th.
Figured bass for seventh chords: root position
Figured bass for seventh chords: 1st inversion
Figured bass for seventh chords: 2nd inversion
Figured bass for seventh chords: 3rd inversion
In minor keys, seventh chords on scale degrees 1 and 4 are?
In minor keys, seventh chords on scale degrees 3 and 6 are?
In minor keys (harmonic form), seventh chord on scale degree 5 is?
Mm7 or dominant 7th.
In minor keys (harmonic form), seventh chord on scale degree 7 is?
In minor keys, seventh chord on scale degree 2 is?
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Music Theory Set 2
MUS-110 Chapter 5, 6, and 7 Important Terms
MUSIC THEORY FINAL - Fall 2015
Music Fundamentals 3: Scales, Keys and Modes
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
20th Century Music