62 terms

Theatre 210 Ch. 15-17

Cal Poly SLO Spring 2013 Duffy
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

comedy of manners
A form of Restoration comedy that features wit and wordplay and often includes themes of sexual gratification, bedroom escapades, and humankind's primitive nature when it comes to sex
domestic tragedy
a type of play characterized by stories about common people, rather than ones of noble birth, who feel grand emotions and suffer devastating consequences
enlightenment
the protagonist's realization of how to defeat the antagonist; often related to the theme of the play
melodrama
Most popular in the 19th century, a type of play that usually features working-class heroes who set out on a great adventure; story lines that praise marriage, God, and country; and florid background music.
restoration
period of English history that began in 1660 with the reestablishment of the monarchy. It was characterized by scientific discovery, new philosophical concepts, improved economic conditions and a return of the theatre.
Romantics
Enlightenment-era poets, novelists, and playwrights who questioned the Scientific Revolution's obsession with logic; they felt that science was not adequate to describe the full range of human experience, and stressed instinct, intuition, and feeling in their writings.
sentimental comedy
A type of comedy that features middle-class characters finding happiness and true love.
Sturm and Drang
'Storm and Stress' was a movement in German literature and music. Extreme emotions were freely expressed, such as greed, revenge, love and hate. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
well-made play
A sarcastic label for a formula play whose ending is happy and whose loose ends are neatly tied up; typified by the nineteenth-century melodramas of Eugene Scribe.
absurdism
An avant-garde "ism" that was the result of the two world wars. It has three types: atalist, existentialist, and hilarious.
alienation effect
the result of techniques to keep the audience aware that what they are witnessing is only a play; used by bertold brecht. alienation techniques include having the actors address the audience out of character, exposing the lights, removing the proscenium arch and curtains, and having the actors perform on bare platforms or simple sets that are sometimes punctuated with political slogans
avant-garde
any work of art that is experimental, innovative, or unconventional
box set
Commonly used in realistic plays, a true-to-life interior containing a room or rooms with the fourth wall removed so that the audience feels they are looking in on the characters' private lives.
Bread and Puppet Theatre
An experimental theatre troupe begun in 1961 that uses giant puppets as well as actors in political parables.
Dadaism
A movement that was ignited by the atrocities of World War I and gained fame through staged performances designed to demonstrate the meaninglessness of life.
epic theatre
Features plays that have a grand scope, large casts, and cover a long period and a wide range of sometimes unrelated incidents. An innovation by Bertolt Brecht.
existentialism
a post World War II philosophy that sees humans as being alone in the universe, without God, so they are entirely responsible for their destinies
expressionism
A style that shows the audience the action of the play through the mind of one character. Instead of seeing photographic reality, the audience sees the character's own emotions and point of view.
fourth wall
an imaginary wall between the audience and the actors in a representational play
happenings
Unstructured theatrical events on street corners, at bus stops, in lobbies, and virtually anywhere else people gather.
Kafkaesque
marked by surreal distortion and senseless danger; a term that comes from the way that Czech writer Franz Kafka depicted the world
little theatre movement
Inexpensive, noncommercial, artistically significant plays in small, out-of-the-way theatres. In the United States, flourished from the mid-1950s through the mid-1960s.
The Living Theatre
A famous twentieth-century experimental theatre using aesthetically radical techniques to shake up audiences about social and political issues; founded in 1946 by Julian Beck (1925-1985) and Judith Malina (b. 1926).
naturalism
"Sordid realism"; a style of theatrical design and acting whose goal is to imitate real life, including its seamy side. Also called "slice of life" theatre.
Off Broadway
Originally, small experimental theatres that sprang up in the late 1950s outside Times Square to put on plays about current issues. They typically have much smaller houses than Broadway theatres.
Off Off Broadway
Small, nontraditional, noncommercial theatres located in storefronts, coffeehouses, churches, and other public spaces in the New York City area.
performance art
An art form from the mid-twentieth century in which one or more performers use some combination of visual arts (including video), theatre, dance, music, and poetry, often to dramatize political ideas. The purpose is less to tell a story than to convey a state of being.
poetic realism
A style of realism that is expressed through lyrical language.
problem play
a play that expresses a social problem so that it can be remedied
realism
the cultural movement behind theatrical realism, it began around 1850 and popularized the idea that plays could be a force for social and political change
regional theatre
Permanent, professional theatres located outside New York City.
surrealism
A genre of theatre that emphasizes the subconscious realities of the character, usually through design, and often includes random sets with dreamlike qualities.
symbolism
a design style or theatre genre in which a certain piece of scenery, a costume, or light represent the essence of the entire environment
Theatre of Cruelty
Originated by Antonin Artaud, stylized, ritualized performances intended to attack spectators' sensibilities and purge them of destructive tendencies.
ballad
a love song
ballad opera
Comic opera that mixed popular songs of the day with spoken dialogue; brought from England to the colonies during the colonial period.
book
for a musical, the spoken lines of dialogue and the plot; written by the librettist.
book musical
A musical with a particularly well-developed story and characters, such as Fiddler on the Roof.
burlesque
a form of musical entertainment that feature bawdy songs, dancing women and sometimes striptease. Begun in the 1840s as a parody of opera and the upper class
comedy number
A song in a musical that provides comic relief.
comic opera
A style of opera, including operetta, that developed out of intermezzi, or comic interludes performed during the intermissions of operas. Popularized by the work of Gilbert and Sullivan.
composer
someone who writes music
dance musical
A musical that features the work of a director-choreographer such as Tommy Tune, Michael Bennett, or Bob Fosse.
jukebox musical
musical that features a particular band's songs
librettist
For a musical, the person who writes the book, or the spoken lines of dialogue and plot.
lyricist
a person who writes the words for songs
lyrics
the words to a song
minstrel show
stage entertainment consisting of songs, dances, and comic scenes performed by white actors in blackface makeup; originated in the nineteenth century
music
in a musical script, the orchestrated melodies, which are written by the composer
musical
A type of theatre that features song and dance interspersed with spoken text. The genre includes not only modern musicals with popular songs and impressive spectacle (e.g., Miss Saigon, Phantom of the Opera) but also the masques, operas, burlesques, minstrel shows, variety shows, and music hall reviews of earlier periods. Compare straight plays.
musical comedy
A type of musical characterized by a lighthearted, fast-moving comic story, whose dialogue is interspersed with popular music.
opera
a type of drama introduced at the end of the 16th century that is entirely sung
operatic musical
a musical that is mostly singing, with less spoken dialogue and usually a darker, more dramatic tone than an operetta has.
operetta
Like an opera, a drama set to music, but with a frivolous, comic theme, some spoken dialogue, a melodramatic story, and usually a little dancing. Also called "light opera." Popularized by Gilbert and Sullivan.
overture
at the beginning of a musical; a medley of the songs played by the orchestra as a preview
reprise
In a musical, the repetition of a song, sometimes with new lyrics, in a later scene. The new meaning or subtext makes a dramatic point.
revue
A program of satirical sketches, singing, and dancing about a particular theme; also called a "musical review." Compare to variety show.
rock musical
A musical that uses rock and roll music, psychedelic rock, or contemporary pop and rock.
showstopper
In a musical, a big production number which receives so much applause that it stops the show.
straight play
in contrast to a musical, the category of plays without music
variety show
A program of unrelated singing, dancing, and comedy numbers
vaudeville
A popular form of stage entertainment from the 1880s to the 1930s, descended from burlesque. Programs included slapstick comedy routines, song-and-dance numbers, magic acts, juggling, and acrobatic performances.