Unit 2 Industry to Progressives

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Terms in this set (...)

Industrialization
the large-scale introduction of manufacturing, advanced technical enterprises, and other productive economic activity into an area, society, country, etc.
Railroad
opened new markets and led to the use of standard time
Social Darwinism
the idea that the wealthy are superior to the poor, discouraged government regulation
Pullman Strike
a strike that affected a railroad car manufacturer in Chicago
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
a fire here left 146 workers dead and led to the creation of new worker protections and building codes
Homestead Strike
a strike at Carnegie's Steel Plant in Pittsburgh
Great Strike of 1877
a strike that affected much of the Railroad Industry
Bessemer Steel Process
how steel was created much more efficiently and lowered the cost by 80%
Industrial Workers of the World
socialist labor union that allowed all workers to join
American Federation of Labor
a labor union founded by Samuel Gompers which allowed only skilled workers to join
Interstate Commerce Act
its goal was to lower excessive railroad rates
Credit Mobiliér Scandal
an example of corruption on the railroad which allowed for officials to steal money for its shareholders
Horizontal Integration
a type of monopoly formed when companies producing similar products merged together
Vertical Integration
a type of monopoly formed when a company buys out raw materials producers and distributors
Andrew Carnegie
monopolist of the steel industry
John D. Rockefeller
monopolist of the oil industry
Sherman Antitrust Act
outlawed the formation of trusts that interfered with free trade
Gospel of Wealth
an essay by Andrew Carnegie that demonstrated the ideals of Social Darwinism
First Wave Immigration
immigrants tended to be well-of, educated, mostly from Northern and Western Europe
Second Wave Immigration
immigrants tended to be poorer, uneducated, mostly from Southern and Eastern Europe
Ellis Island/Angel Island
main immigration processing stations
Chinese Exclusion Act
goal was to decrease Chinese immigration
Nativism
the belief that native-born Americans should have priority over immigrants
Americanization Movement
goal was to assimilate people of various cultures into American culture
Settlement House Movement
founded by social reformers in the late 1800s
Political Machines
controlled the political activities of a city, provided essential services to immigrants
Tammany Hall
a New York political machine
Muckracker
a derogatory name given to journalists who exposed the ills of society
The Jungle
exposed the unsanitary conditions in the meat-packing industry
NAACP
primary goal was equality among the races
Prohibition
goal was to eliminate the use of alcohol in society
Theodore Roosevelt
known as a trustbuster, believed that some trusts were harmful to the public interest
Ethnic Neighborhoods
where immigrants clustered in groups to preserve their culture
Tenements
inter-city dwellings that became the home of many immigrant families because of the increased urban population
Progressives
individuals who sought to reform American society
Muller vs. Oregon
limited the maximum working hours for women
Keating Owen Act
restricted child labor
John Muir
Progressive reformer who advocated for the protection of the environment
Jane Addams
Progressive reformer who founded the Settlement House Movement
Jacob Riis
Progressive Reformer who exposed the plight of the urban poor through photography
Plessy vs. Ferguson
court case which affirmed the doctrine of "separate but equal"
Booker T. Washington
a leader in the African American community and believed in the gradual end to racism
W.E.B. Dubois
founder of the NAACP, pushed for immediate inclusion of African Americans in society
16th Amendment
created Federal Income Taxes
17th Amendment
created direct election of U.S. Senators
Social Gospel Movement
religious movement that taught that individuals could better industrial society though biblical principles
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