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Unit 6 vocab
Terms in this set (65)
The mental processes that enable you to retain and retrieve information overtime.
The process of transforming information into a form that can be entered into an retained by the memory system.
The process of retaining information in memory so that it can be used at a later time.
The process of recovering information stored in memory so that we are consciously aware of it.
Stage model of memory
A model describing memory as consisting of three distinct stages; sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory.
The stage of memory that registers information from the environment and holds it for a very brief period of time.
Short term memory
The active stage of memory in which information is stored for up to about 20 seconds.
Long term memory
This stage of memory that represents the long term storage of information.
American psychologist who identified the duration of visual sensory memory in a series of classic experiments in 1960.
The mental or verbal repetition of information in order to maintain it beyond the usual 20 second duration of short-term memory.
Increasing the amount of information that can be held in short-term memory by grouping related items together in a single unit, or chunk.
The temporary stage and active, conscious manipulation of information needed for complex cognitive tasks, such as reasoning, learning, and problem-solving.
Rehearsal that involves focusing on the meaning of information to help encode in transfer it into long-term memory.
Category of long-term memory that includes memories of different skills, operations, and actions.
Category of long-term memory that includes memories of particular events.
Category of long-term memory bank lids memories of general knowledge, concepts, facts, and names.
Information or knowledge that can be consciously recollected; also called the declarative memory.
Information or knowledge that affects behavior or task for formance but cannot be consciously recollected; also called non-declarative memory.
Organizing items into related groups during recall from long-term memory.
Semantic network model
A model that describes units of information in long-term memory as being organized in a complex network of associations.
The process of assessing stored information.
A Q, prompt, or hit that helps trigger recall of a given piece of information stored in long-term memory.
Retrieval cue failure
The inability to recall long-term memories because of in adequate or missing retrieval cues.
Tip of the tongue experience (tot)
A memory phenomenon that involves this and Seshan of knowing that specific information is stored in long-term memory, but being temporarily unable to retrieve it.
A test of long-term memory that involves retrieving information without the aid of retrieval cues; also called free recall.
A test of long-term memory that involves remembering and I don't have information in response to a retrieval cue.
A test of long-term memory that involves identifying correct information out of several possible choices.
Serial position effect
The tendency to remember items at the beginning and at the end of the list better than the items in the middle.
Encoding specificity principle
The principle that when the conditions of information retrieval or similar to the conditions of information and coding, retrieval is more likely to be successful.
The tendency to recover information more easily win the retrieval occurs in the same setting as the original learning of the info.
And encoding specificity phenomena in which a given mood tends to Volk memories that are consistent with that mood.
The recall of very specific images or details surrounding a vivid, rare, or significant personal event; details may or may not be accurate.
The inability to recall information that was previously available.
German psychologist who originated the scientific study of forgetting; plotted the first forgetting curve, which describes the basic pattern of forgetting learned information overtime.
The inability to recall specific information because of insufficient and coding of the information for storage in long-term memory.
Remembering to do something in the future.
The view that forgetting is due to normal metabolic processes that occur in the brain over time.
Déjà vu experience
A memory illusion characterized by brief but intense feelings of familiar Arity in a situation that has never been experienced before.
Source memory/source monitoring
Memory for when, where, and how a particular experience or piece of information was acquired.
The theory that forgetting is caused by one memory competing with or replacing another.
Forgetting in which a new memory interferes with remembering an old memory; backward acting memory interference.
Forgetting in which an old memory interferes with remembering an old memory; forward acting memory interference.
Motivated forgetting that occurs consciously; a deliberate attempt to not think about and remember specific information.
Motivated forgetting that occurs unconsciously; a memory that is blocked and unavailable to consciousness.
Elizabeth F Loftus
American psychologist who has conducted extensive research on the memory distortions that can occur in eye witness testimony.
A memory distortion phenomenon in which a person's existing memories can be altered if the person is exposed to misleading information.
A memory distortion that occurs when the true source of the memory is forgotten.
A distorted or fabricated recollection of something that did not actually occur.
And organize cluster of information about a particular topic.
Eskimo for the typical sequence of an every day event.
A memory phenomenon in which vividly imagining an event markedly increase his confidence that the event actually occurred. A pseudo-event.
American psychologist who attempted to find the specific brain location of particular memories.
Tracking where a memory goes as it is being stored in the brain.
Richard F Thompson
American psychologist and neuroscientist you conducted extensive research on the knurl biological foundations of learning and memory.
American neurobiologist, born in Austria, who won a Nobel Prize in 2000 for his work on the neural basis of learning and memory in the sea snail aplysia.
Long term potentiation
Long lasting increase in synaptic strength between two neurons.
Severe memory loss.
Loss of memory, especially for episodic information; backward acting amnesia.
The gradual, physical process of converting new long-term memories to stable, and during memory code.
American psychologist who has extensively investigated the neural basis of memory, including several investigations of the famous amnesia patient HM.
Canadian narrow psychologist who is groundbreaking research on the role of brain structures and functions in cognitive processes helped establish neuropsychology as a field; extensively studied the famous amnesia patient HM.
Loss of memory caused by the inability to store new memory; forward acting amnesia.
Progressive deterioration in impairment of memory, reasoning, and other cognitive functions occurring as the result of a disease or condition
Alzheimer's disease (ad)
A progressive disease that destroys the brains neurons, gradually impairing memory, thinking, language, and other cognitive functions, resulting in the complete inability to care for oneself; the most common cause of dementia.
Possessing an extremely detailed autobiography long memory. Hyperthymesiacs remember an abnormally vast number of their life experiences.
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