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Sociology Exam 4
Terms in this set (62)
A ranking system of social groups based on how much wealth, power, and prestige the group has access to. Life chances.
a closed system of stratification where people are lifelong members of a particular social rank.
The practice of marrying within ones group.
common in medieval societies consisting of three groups: nobility, clergy, and commoners
a form of social stratification based primarily on the possessions of money or material possessions. Upper, Middle, Working
Own the means of production
Working class (proletarian)
sell their labor
Webers three components of social class
Power, Prestige, Property
Functionalists view on stratification
Society must make sure that positions are filled.
some positions are more important than others.
more important positions are filled by more qualified people.
To motivate that more qualified people to fill higher positions must offer them greater rewards.
Conflict view on stratification
Stratification happens in all societies. people are stratified by their access to power. People in power want to control their superior position and do so by oppressing or keeping others in a subordinate position.
The process by which one nation takes over another nation, usually for the purpose of exploiting its labor and natural resources.
World system theory
Details economic and political connections by the worlds countries.
Globalization of capitalism
Capitalism is so widespread as the worlds economic system throughout all of the nations of the world.
Culture of poverty (oscar lewis)
The assumption that the values and behaviors of poor people are fundamentally different from other people in society.
Neocolonialism is the modern economic system that explores the most industrialized nations exploit from other people in society.
Operate and do business across national boundaries for the main purpose of global dominance of the most industrialized nations.
An individual or group unfairly blamed for someone else's troubles.
EX: I cant get a job because all these illegals are coming.
Segregation (De jure)
Segregation mandated by law.
Segregation ( De facto)
Segregation by housing
Brown v. Board of education of topeka, Kansas
1954. Sparked civil rights movement. Non-violent disobedience. Black power.
A philosophy or political philosophy that permits or encourages ethnic differences.
The diffusion of power among many interest groups that prevents any single group from gaining control over the government.
Latino Population very diverse by geography.
Largest growing group in the U.S
55 million latinos in the U.S
Experienced prejudice and discrimination despite promises by the us government.
The right to vote
Gave African Americans the right to vote.
Gave women right to vote
Ideal minority. Despite prejudice and discrimination have managed to succeed economically, socially, and educationally.
Suffer the most out of minority groups today.
high mortality rate.
high rate of teen suicide, poverty, alcoholism.
very diverse group 554 different tribal groups left in the U.S
The immigration debate
The United States has tried many times to combat the immigration laws in the U.S. All groups that entered the U.S have done so for different reasons and different times.
President Kennedy issued executive order 10925 in 1961 seeing there was need to take some sort of affirmative action based on discrimination in hiring practices.
President Johnson issued executive order 11246 in 1965. equal employment for opportunity based on race and ethnic origin; gave businesses a stipend to hire minority group members.
Biological characteristics that distinguish females and males, consisting of primary and secondary sex characteristics.
The behaviors and attitudes that a society considers proper for its males and females; masculinity v. femininity
Gender is a social construct just like race. Your culture largely determines what behaviors are appropriate for each sex.
New guinea males and females do not act the same as they do in the states. females engage in warfare. males take care of the children.
A society in which men as a group dominate women; authority is vested in males.
a society in which women as a group dominate men; authority is vested in females.
The philosophy that men and women should be politically, economically, and socially equal. Organized activities on behalf of this principle.
Females are a minority group
Sociologists use the theory the theory of patriarchy to explain why women became a minority group. early traditions.
health care inequality, up until recently women have not been used as candidates for many types of cancer and disease that effect them. there is still sexual discrimination in health care today
1920's and the vote
1960's fighting the pay gap and violence
Present helping women in the least industrialized nations
The mostly invisible barrier that keeps women from advancing to the top level at work. Not only do women have difficulty reaching the top, but they have few successful role models/ mentors
A group whose inherited physical characteristics distinguish them from other groups.
The systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of a people because of their presumed race or ethnicity.
A group of people that share distinctive cultural characteristics.
People who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination.
The group with the most power, greatest privileges , and highest social status.
An attitude or a way of prejudging someone usually in a negative way.
An act of unfair treatment directed against an individual or a group of people.
The dominant group expels the minority group.
The dominant group exploits the minority group.
The dominant group structures the social institutions to maintain minimal contact with the minority group.
The dominant group absorbs the minority group.
The dominant group encourages racial and ethnic variation; when successful, there is no longer s dominant group.
Prejudice and discrimination on the basis of race. Sociologists assert that hate crimes having to do with a persons race are the highest incidence.
A denial of opportunity and equal rights from natural operations of society.
EX: Voting and conviction
The unemployed; unemployed workers are thought of being " in a reverse" capitalists take them "out of the reserve" during times of high production and then put them back "in reserve" when they are no longer needed.
Workers split along racial, ethnic, and gender age or any other lines; this split is exploited by owners to weaken the bargaining power of workers.
The abuse of ones position of authority to force unwanted sexual demands on someone. U.S supreme court decision is 2000 also include same sex harassment and harassment from people of the opposite sex toward homosexuals.
Violence against women
FBI crime reports that a women is battered by an abusive partner every 9 seconds in the U.S and that is under reported
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