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17 terms

Ancient Olympics

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776 BCE
the first recorded year in which the ancient Olympic games took place
Zeus
god of all Greek gods; the Olympics were held to honor him
Olympia
the site of the early Olympic games (and the origin of the name "Olympics")
Olympic truce
an ending of wars for a month surrounding the games in order to allow spectators to travel safely and soldiers to compete in the Olympics
Olympiad
a period of 4 years between
Olympic games
stade
a foot race - the only event in the first Olympic games
olive wreaths
the reward for winning an Olympic event
amphora
large jar filled with olive oil or celery sticks; carried by marathon runners
javelin, discuss, long jump, running and wrestling
the 5 events of the pentathlon
pankration
cross between boxing and wrestling
hoplitodromos (hoplite)
a race run by men carrying shields and wearing armor
fines
the punishment for cheating in the ancient Olympics
chariot racing
the only event that women were allowed to compete in
Panhellenic Games
a series of 4 different religious festivals that took place in ancient Greece
Pheidippides
Greek runner who ran from Marathon to Athens to announce victory over the Persians
palaestra
large gym with a sand floor where athletes trained for a month prior to the start of competition
strigil
a tool used to wipe the sweat off of athletes