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Chapter 9 and 10 ed psych
Terms in this set (23)
are categories that group objects, events, and characteristics on the basis of common properties.
1. Identify the features of a concept.
2. Define the concept and give clear examples.
3. Concept maps offer a visual representation of a concept's hierarchical organization.
4. Develop hypotheses about what the concept is and what it is not.
5. Prototype matching compares the
item with similar items in a category.
involves manipulating and transforming information in memory.
Reasoning from the specific to the general
Drawing conclusions about all members of a category based on observing some members
Requires repeated observations
Conclusions are never entirely certain; can be inconclusive
Is basic to analogies
Reasoning from the general to the specific
Used in solving puzzles or riddles
Occurs when students learn a general rule and understand how it applies to some situations but not others
is thinking reflectively and productively, and evaluating the evidence.
involves thinking in which individuals evaluate alternatives and make choices among them.
The tendency to search for information that supports our ideas rather than refutes them.
The tendency to hold on to a belief in the face of contradictory evidence.
The tendency to have more confidence in judgments and decisions than we should, based on past experience
The tendency to falsely report, after the fact, that we accurately predicted the event.
is the ability to think about something in novel and unusual ways and come up with unique solutions to problems.
Produces one correct answer
Produces many answers to the same question
involves finding an appropriate way to attain a goal.
emphasizes solving authentic problems like those that occur in daily life.
emphasizes students working on real, meaningful problems to create tangible products.
Almost unconsciously transfers to new situation.
Is similar to initial learning.
Is different from initial learning situation.
Is conscious and effortful.
Occurs when student thinks about how to use information in a new situation.
Occurs when students look back to previous situations for information to solve problems in a new context.
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