AP Human Geography Final Exam Review
The terms that Mr.Kane gave us in class.
Terms in this set (36)
The process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
Also called slash and burn agriculture, it is a form of cultivation in which forrested or brushy plots are cleared of vegetation burned then planted to crops only to be abandoned a few years later when soil fertility declines.
U.S. region, mostly comprised of southeastern and southwestern states, which has grown most dramatically since World War II.
The process of urban areas expanding outwards, usually in the form of suburbs, and developing over fertile agricultural land.
Map line that connects points of equal or very similar values.
The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
an English economist who argued that increases in population would outgrow increases in the means of subsistence (1766-1834)
The restoration of run-down urban areas by the middle class. (Resulting in the displacement of lower-income people)
Concepts or rules that can be applied universally.
The spread of ideas, diseases, products, and people between lands. An example of this was the trade of silk and the spread of the Bubonic Plague, and the Islamic religion along the Silk Road.
The introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity.
Trail Of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4,000 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
Centers of economic, culture, and political activity that are strongly interconnected and together control the global systems of finance and commerce.
The removal of trees.
The amount of connectivity between places, regardless of the absolute distance separating them.
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel.
The view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development.
Created the concentric zone model that states that perishable goods are located near market area as well as heavy items, while crops that are able to be shipped long distances without spoiling were located farther away.
A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
An agricultural system practiced in the Mediterranean-style climates of Western Europe, California, and portions of Chile and Australia, in which diverse specialty crops such as grapes and avocados are grown/
Cities in Europe that were mostly developed during the Medieval Period and that retain many of the same characteristics such as extreme density of development with narrow building and winding streets an ornate church that prominently marks the city center, and high walls surrounding the city center that provided defense against attack.
An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.
A process in which mineral salts accumulate in the soil, killing plants; occurs when soils in dry climates are irrigated profusely.
A process involving the clustering or concentrating of people or activities. The term often refers to manufacturing plants and businesses that benefit from close proximity because they share skilled-labor pools and technological and financial amenities.
A mental representation of the layout of one's environment.
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
Economic activities that surround and support large-scale industries such as shipping and food service.
A country who's population share a common identity.
The visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape.
Series of links connecting the many places of production and distribution and resulting in a commodity that is on world market.
Symbolic relocation of capital for either economic or stragegic reasons.
Central Place Theory
A theory proposed by Walter Christaller that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
Settlements in a country may be ranked in order of their size. The 'rule' states that, if the population of a town is multiplied by its rank, the sum will equal the population of the highest ranked city. In other words, the population of a town ranked n will be 1/nth of the size of the largest city—the fifth town, by rank, will have a population one-fifth of the first.Y