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Week 5 - Memory
Terms in this set (31)
describes a type of memory that includes specific events that one has personally experienced
type of declarative memory containing general knowledge, such as knowledge of language and information learned in formal education.
memory of learned skills that does not require conscious recollection like how to tie your shoe.
a newer understanding of short-term memory that involves conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial information, and of information retrieved from long-term memory. Consciousness. "Where it all comes together."
In Alan Baddely's model of working memory, the component that integrates information from the phonological loop and the visuospatial working memory, as well as material retrieved from long-term memory. This also plays a major role in planning and controlling behavior.
the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system. Includes knowledge, skills, and experiences
Visuo-Spatial Scratch Pad
Storage for spatial and visual information (the inner eye). It sets up and manipulates mental images. Has limited capacity.
speech-based part of working memory that allows for the verbal rehearsal of sounds or words
Articulatory Control system is for verbal rehearsal (the inner voice). Allows sub-vocal repitition of items stored in Phonological store.
The immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system.
Working Memory Model
Model described by Baddeley and Hitch that is thought to consist of 3 interrelated systems : central executive (a kind of CEO or big boss) that control other 2 systems, a visual (sketch pad) and kind of auditory "recorder"
Baddeley and Hitch
Suggested that working memory is comprised of three memory systems. Working Memory Model.
First stage of the memory process; in it information is transformed or coded (a transduction process) into a form that can be processed further and stored
What memory process is most strongly influenced by the way in which you think about the things you are experiencing?
the process of getting information out of memory storage
A device, such as a formula or rhyme, used as an aid in remembering.
stimuli that aid the recall or recognition of information stored in memory
Three Stages Required to Form a Memory
Encoding, Representation, Retrieval
Sir Francis Bartlett
He describes the process of memory in his classic 1932 book, Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology: "Remembering is not a completely independent function, entirely distinct from perceiving, imaging, or even from constructive thinking, but it has intimate relations with them all... One's memory of an event reflects a blend of information contained in specific traces encoded at the time it occurred, plus inferences based on knowledge, expectations, beliefs, and attitudes derived from other sources."
When a person recalls the past, they fill in missing bits of information by making up some details, or they incorporate information received after the event in order for it to make sense
Subjectivity of perception on recollection., people give inconssistent accounts of the same situation and each person's account defends their position
The ease with which information is processed
1. Familiarity without recollection
2. Perception without awareness
3. Theory of mind
The tendency to prefer stimuli (including but not limited to people) that we have seen more frequently
Rapid Serial Visual Presentation Paradigm
An experimental procedure in which stimuli appear in a stream at one location at a rapid rate
a memory disturbance characterized by a total or partial inability to recall past experiences
the inability to retrieve information that was acquired before a particular date, usually the date of an injury or operation
loss of memory from the point of injury or trauma forward, or the inability to form new memories
It refers to memories which can be consciously recalled such as facts and events. (Explicit Memory)
The subsystem within long-term memory that stores motor skills, habits, and simple classically conditioned responses; also called implicit memory. (Implicit Memory)
memory for skills, including perceptual, motor, and cognitive skills required to complete tasks
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
W6 The Social Mind
W8.4 Stages of Development
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