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Terms in this set (43)
What are the differences between illusionary and non-illusionary theatre?
Illusionary and Non-illusionary are the two types of theatre. Illusionary portrays the reality of the play on stage while non-illusionary gives clues to the audience by being able to imagine the scenery in one's mind. Illusionary is the use of tools such as lighting, sound effects, scenery, costumes, and realistic makeup so you feel like you're in the scene of the play. While non-illusionary is building the idea of scenery and all the tools in your head, it's a much cheaper and easier method to use if you're able to. So it's putting someone in the place with imagination or giving them an image to see such as saying a visible box is bed and the audience able to believe it's a bed.
Define Theatre convention. Give three examples of theatre conventions.
Theatre Convention has two definitions. The first one meaning if you see something done over and over again you'll understand what it means. The second definition is pretty much a function of a literary symbol. Three examples are the example of shining dark blue lights and everybody understanding the concept it's a night scene that's happening. Another example is instead of announcing a show is starting if you dim the lights half way 30 seconds before the show is starting everybody knows to take their seats and be quiet. The last example is used as a literary function, for instance, I have a necklace my grandmother gave me before she passed away and anytime I touch it on my neck I remember her.
List and describe the theatre kinds of stages.
Proscenium Stage- is a picture frame stage, its cut into the walls, almost all high schools have them, the audience is on one side, and it's made so you are looking in to it. Holds big crowds, its used for illusionary theatre.
Thrust Stage- it has three side, it's used for non-illusionary.
Arena Stage- the audience is on all sides of the stage, non-illusionary.
Two of these stages present a more intimate environment than the other. What are these two and give three reasons why these stages are more intimate.
The two types of stages that are of a more intimate environment than the other is the Thrust Stage and Arena Stage. One reason these stages are more intimate than the other is because (there watched while they watch) your able to look across and see other audience members and their emotions causing you to be able to experience the emotions they are feeling. Another reason is the audience is closer to the action causing them to feel like there apart of what's going on. Lastly, because the audience has to build the scenery in their minds it causes them to be engaged. They are participating in the play.
As the audience watches the play, what exactly do we, as theatre artists, hope the audience will do? (How does the audience watch a play?)
As the audience watches the play, we as theatre artists hope the audience will participate in the experience of the play. We want them to experience with not only their head but their heart. Through the conventions of the play we want the audience to feel like they are a part of the play and inside of the play. The events of the play should be communicated in such a way that the audience feels a part of it. They should feel like the characters in the play. The audience should participate in the experience while watching the play like they have lived through it.
Theatre presents an imitation of life? List ten specific aspects of life that the theatre art imitates.
Theatre presents an imitation of life, ten specific aspects of life that theatre art imitates are death, love, hate, war, crime, marriage, birth, betrayal, illness, and tragedy.
List the three origins of theatre as discussed in lecture.
The three origins of theatre are Post Hunt Ritual, (Dionysus)Greek Origins with the first festival and then Medieval through the churches (Thespis).
Define "special world of the play," and "fourth wall."
The fourth wall is the imaginary wall that separates the special world of the play from the reality. The fourth wall exists in all theatres and is usually referred to in a play. The actor must never break the fourth wall.
List and briefly define Aristotle's Six Elements.
Plot- the Conflicts, Actions and events taken place, and the storyline, everything that everyone does in the play
Character- Must have free will and cause action, defined by what they do
Theme- Author's meaning or the lesson learned from it
Diction- the language of the play, the dialogue
Music- All sounds involved in plays
Spectacle- All visual aspects of production
List and define the three kinds of plots.
The three types of plots are Climatic, Epic and Situational. Climatic plot is a structure of a pyramid, lots of action happens at the beginning and the action compresses as we go up the pyramid to the climax where the main issue explodes and begins to be solved as you move to the expedition. This type is cause and effect action. Epic is described as a journey like the titanic we know it's going to sink but watch the journey. Most Epics have many journeys. Epic is not cause and effect action. The last type of plot is Situational. Situational is the most modern type of plot. Situational plot is making the same mistakes over and over again it's a circular process.
List six ways in which information about the character is communicated to an audience.
Six ways in which information about the character is communicated to an audience is Actions, Environment, Costumes, Vocabulary, Dialect, and Physicality.
List four different ways in which "Music" is used in a production
Music is used in production in many ways, 4 of them include, live sound such as feet, guns, hitting tables, also music as music in musicals, sound of the audience and sound effects.
List five ways in which "Spectacle" is used in a production
Spectacle is used in production in many ways such that being, costumes, scenery, lighting, make-up, audience members, theatre staff and kind of theatre.
Define Dramatic Question.
Dramatic Question is defined as the big question that keeps the audience interested.
Define Dramatic Action.
Dramatic Action is anything that is done in a play to someone that causes reaction from another. Everything in a play solicits reaction because everything that doesn't is cut out. Everything that happens verbally or physically causes reaction.
List the illusionary theatre elements of this play.
Illusionary theatre elements: costumes, parts of amanda's apartment, props, dialects, makeup, everything in the play that is real.
List the non-illusionary elements of this play. (List the unique theatrical conventions)
Non-illusionary elements: William's uses mostly non-illusionary itemsin his play, as soon as you begin reading the play, tom comes out and breaks the fourth wall and tells the audience and gives essential information so they can connect to the play, narrator approach, the set isn't complete because it's a dream play, the cinematic things between the scenes by telling what the next scene is about, the sets are not complete because it gets audience involved, put it in the eyes of a play and not reality, want it to be seen in his eyes.
Tom breaking the fourth wall, Incomplete set, jumping in time, projections on the screens between scenes, underscoring of music, unrealistic light on the father's portrait.
List five specific physical or psychological characteristics that define each character.
Tom: works in shoe store aspiring poet, trapped by guilt, loves his family, repressed rage.
Laura: crippled, wants a relationship most, shy, devotes herself to glass figurines, isolated.
Amanda: lives in the past, charming, abandoned, southern belle,wants the best for her daughter
Jim: never actually seem, outgoing, enthusiastic, believes in self-improvement, more connected to the real world
List the dominant symbols used this play and discuss the meaning of each symbol
Blue roses-caught up in things, not real things (laura)
Shoe store- has difficulty walking away
Merchant Marine- he could sail away
Telephone service- never coming back but always there, expected something that we live for- Jim
Thunder storm- separates them from the world
Fire escape- one way in one way out
Discuss any unique dialects in this play.
Amanda has a unique dialect that Laura and Tom don't because they don't belong to the world that Amanda is in, and she still has it because she doesn't want to let go over herself as a little girl.
List five unique uses of "music" in this play
When Tom stands on the fire escape, one way in and one way out and he's dancing- he's half in and half out, the dialect of Amanda, the glass menagerie music that is heard in the connection with Laura, the music that wafts up from the paradise dance.
How important is time period to this play and the historical accuracy of the set, props, and costumes.
The time period to this play and the historical accuracy of the set, props, and costumes is the important and is always important in any play but the play is pretty modern so its not the most important factor, you could change the play's time frame and it wouldn't make a major difference if you edited the script to fit the time frame you've selected. It's a very open time period play in my opinion. Costumes and historical accuracy, props, and sets always are important to the time period
Which of the six elements appears to be the most important to Williams and dictates/determines the usage of the other five? Why?
Williams seems most concerned about character. Everything in the play, the scenery, tom's narration, the action, the symbols... all help us understand the character. This is definitely the tail that wags the dog.
What was the religious/ritual purpose of the theatre experience to the Greek individual? To the Greek Society?
the purpose of ancient Greek drama, like that of most literature, was to "instruct and entertain." In addition, Greek drama had its origins in religious ritual. Plays were presented only on certain religious holidays, there was always an altar on the stage (In Aeschylus' Choephorae/Libation Bearers, it doubles as Agamemnon's tomb), and a priest of the god Dionysus (the patron deity of the theater as well as of wine) sat on the front row.
As discussed in lecture, how does the Greek theatre even, through participation and catharsis, help the Greeks to attain and sustain their ideal of balance as individuals and as a society?
What common characteristics do the dithyramb and early greek plays share?
The common characteristics of the dithyramb and early Greek plays share the fact that they used masks to define characters.
Characters and they used a chorus for music or spectacle. As well as stage spaces were similar and both plays told stories.
Describe the structure and mechanics of early Greek drama Festivals.
The Greek drama festivals were in Athens and a big deal. The festival has a structure of plays, financing, and performers. During the festivals under the plays they would have three tragic writers compete against each other each year as well did three to five comic writers. They used resources to create their play, such as masks and costumes for characters. If you were a male because women couldn't participate and planned on presenting a the festival you had to apply for a chorus. An archon is elected to choose the plays and assign the chorus. Once accepted to present you were assigned a producer who was a wealthy private citizen willing to fund and train and costume the chorus for the play. The state paid for the actors. The successful plays won a prize that is not known.
Describe the essential characteristics of Greek tragedy.
The essential characteristics of Greek Tragedy were the prologue, episode, exode, choric song which is divided into parode and stasimon. The prologue is pretty much the entire tragedy up until the parode of the chorus. The episode is the part between choric songs. The exode is chorus the entire part of a tragedy where there is no choric song after it. Lastly, the parode is the first undivided utterance of the and the stasimon is the choric ode without anapaests or trochaic tetrameters. Check powerpoint for discussion of tragic hero
Describe the functions of the Greek chorus to the communication of the play to its audience.
The Greek chorus often acted as audience surrogates, questioning the other characters' motives or warning them about the consequences of their actions.
List and describe the essential physical elements of the Greek theatre. How does the architecture support the use/development of the Greek theatre conventions.
The Greek Theatres consisted of three main elements: the orchestra, the skene, and the audience.
Orchestra: A large circular or rectangular area at the center part of the theatre, where the play, dance, religious rites, acting used to take place.
Skene: A large rectangular building situated behind the orchestra, used as a backstage. Actors could change their costumes and masks. Earlier the skene was a tent or hut, later it became a permanent stone structure. These structures were sometimes painted to serve as backdrops.
Audience: the structures were originally built on a very large scale to accommodate the large number of people on stage, as well as the large number of people in the audience, up to fourteen thousand people
Essential Words: eccyclema, thymele, Semele, skene, orchestra, theatron, deus ex machina, choregus (choregoi), chiton
eccyclema- stage mechanism consisting of a low platform that rolled on wheels
Semele- mother of Dionysus
orchestra-long wall with projecting sides and exit ways, theatron-scenic drop or wall,
Deus ex machina- a god introduced into a play to resolve the entanglements of the plot.
choregus (choregoi)- Leader of the Chorus
chiton- a form of clothing, like that of a tunic.
Was Medea justified in killing her own children? Why/Why not?
I do not think Medea's actions are justified. Medea kills her family to get back at her at one time husband. She is hurt I do not think this justifies her actions. One does not have the right to take someone's life away from them. Two wrongs do not make a right. Medea should of tried her best to move on with her life for the sake of her children. She had many other options. Revenge doesn't justify her actions.
What "modern" questions does this play address?
The modern question Medea addresses in my opinion is to do with patriarchal societies and how women are treated today. I feel Medea had no right to kill off her children, but she was trapped. She had nothing else to do. In the play Medea, she was banished with two kids of her own. Back in those days that was unheard of. In todays culture there are plenty of independent woman who can make do by themselves. It is more widely accepted because we are not a patriarchal socitey
In your own words, explain the characteristics of a Seneca play.
The characteristics of a Seneca play have a 5 act structure to jump time, elaborate speeches-not very dramatic, on stage violence, characters are defined by what they say and ideas they represent but the plays are made up with other conventions. Seneca plays wanted to know how it happened. Seneca plays influenced Elizabethan England( Shakespeare ).
In your own words, explain the characteristics of a Seneca play.
Atellan Farce plays were a comedy that entertains the audience through exaggerated situations. The plays were probably hard to follow because they had many trap doors with dressing rooms for costume changes and were very illusionary which was different than normal. From my further research are states that due to a large number of twists and plots it was better to try not to follow the plots. In my eyes, I believe the plays probably looked very cool to the new eye because it was something that hadn't been done before with the wonderful timings and trap doors.
List four ways in which the physical Roman theatres were different from the Greek Theatres. Why did the Romans make these changes
Four ways in which physical Roman theatres were different from the from the Greek Theatres:
Roman theatres were built on level grounds in comparison to Greek theatres.
Romans built there theatres with Stone
Roman theatres were three stories in height
Roman theatres were built for spectacular entertainment rather than religion, art and necessity
The violent and cruel gladiator events attracted tremendous crowds and were immensely popular for many years. What do you think made these events so tremendously popular? What characteristics did these events share with theatre events? (Recommend that you watch "The Gladiator"... this movie gives us a taste of what that experience might have been... gives us a hint of what the incredible spectacle of that experience may have included)
I think events such as the violent and cruel gladiator events attracted tremendous crowds and were popular because it was something that hadn't been done before and it wasn't boring causing everybody to want to see it even more than once. I believe this has characteristics such as theatre events because theatres became packed when new and interesting things occurred many people would want to see it and it would become very populated with people.
Give a brief summary of the lives and work of Plautus and Terrence.
Plautus wrote a lot of plays. Plautus' plays were mostly Greek but the flavor was Roman. Plautus was more improv went with whatever was working with the audience he would add songs just because and things like that. His plays were humorous situations attracted the uneducated classes. Terrence he wrote like 6 or 7. His plays were plot driven and more organized then Plautus. It was a better written play for a better educated audience. His plays were elegant and written for the crowd.
How is the function of theatre to the Roman individual and society so different from the function of theatre to Greek individual and society?
The function of theatre to the Roman individual and society is so different from the function of theatre to Greek individual and society because the Roman individual cared about the spectacular entertaining of the individual and society rather than in the Greek where they cared yes about entertaining their audience but more about the art and religion behind the play.
Compare our entertainment and "taste for entertainment" to the Roman entertainments. What similiarities or differences do you see? What do you think our "entertainment" reveals about our values and priorities?
Our entertainment is similar to the Roman's taste for entertainment because if for instance the entertainment gets into your emotions such as making you cry , making you laugh or etc and that's both Roman entertainment and our entertainment. Differences I see are that our entertainment focuses on the plot and isn't confusing if you pay attention to its rather confusing if you don't. I believe our "entertainment " reveals our values and priorities by entertaining to the best of our ability and making the audience feel enjoyment through a story given.
While this film is not complete "textbook" Roman theatre, it certainly shares many of the comedic elements and devices with Roman Theatre. Research comedy. List at least six "elements of comedy, or comedic devices." Discuss how or why each of these devices/elements make us laugh. Identify specific examples in the film where these devices were used.
Comedy defined as any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or to amuse by including laughter.
6 elements of comedy:
-He drops and ruins a first brain and then gets a second brain that says DO NOT USE THIS BRAIN, ABNORMAL!- It's funny because he goes against a big label that specifically tells him not to use it and goes against it anyways.(Irony)
-The Monster gets out and has frustrating encounters with a girl and a blind hermit. - This is funny because it is a direct parody to the original Frankenstein.(Parody)
-Elizabeth falls in love with the creature due to his inhuman stamina- it's funny because of the way it happens and most people don't fall in love with monsters. (Romantic Comedy)
-He kidnaps and ravishes the not un-willing Elizabeth when she arrives unexpectedly for a visit. - Funny because it's not really kidnapping if she's allowing it to happen.(Satire)
-During a period of training , The demonstration continues with Fredrick and the Monster launching into the musical number "Puttin' on the Ritz', complete with top hats and tails. -This is funny because a monster breaking into a musical number with top hats is just something that turns out to be funny overall. (Slapstick Comedy)
-Lastly, the film ends happily with Elizabeth married to a sophisticated monster while Igna joyfully learns what Fredrick got in return from the Monster during the transfer. -This is funny because it's a reason why Elizabeth fell in love with the monster and out of everything Fredrick could of got in the transfer its this. (Situational Comedy)
Consider other contemporary comedy films that you have watched. Identify and briefly explain the film. Identify examples in the modern film where these comedic devices were used.
21 Jump Street- It's about 2 cops that aren't very good at their jobs and get sent in to a high school to do an undercover job to find out who the suppliers , sellers and creaters of a new drug are.
-Slapstick Comedy- When the young boy takes the new drug while at school then breaks out singing for the Peter Pan audition
-Romantic Comedy- He falls in love with the girl that's playing the lead in the play but he's not allowed to because his boss told him not to
-Situational Comedy- He says I can take "App Chemistry" when it's Advanced Placement Chemistry. They are at school.
-Parody- going back to high school the nerds are the cool kids, 2 strapping it is in(bookbag)
-Irony-The supervisor says they can have a party but no alcohol or drugs and they have a bunch of alcohol and drugs
Consider a modern television "sit-com." Identify the program and briefly explain the program. Identify examples in this sit-com where there comedic devices were used.
Big Bang Theory- it's about genius physicist Sheldon Cooper as he goes through life with a few friends.
-Sheldon can't sit in any other place, it's always the same seat and everybody knows why.
-The sexual tension between penny and Leonard also Romantic Comedy.
-Sheldon is so smart and can analyze anything but when it comes to common sense it takes him forever to get it.
Consider our discussion of Greek tragedy and Seneca's elements of tragedy and how tragedy expresses our unique human experiences. What similarities, if any, can you find between what you've learned about comedy and tragedy?
Comedy is used for the use of laughter while Tragedy is more of a major event occurring that's shocking. Some similarities of comedy and tragedy are that you need both to make a great film. A tragedy will always have even a little bit of comedy; you should laugh at least once in a tragedy. A comedy usually is revolved around a major event. They both have plots and have characters and conflict. The two share many similar features.
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