65 terms

English Poetry Vocab

English Poetry Vocab
STUDY
PLAY
scansion
to scan poetry
duple meter
meter in which a majority of the feet contain two syllables
iambic
unstressed, stressed
trochaic
stressed, unstressed
triple meter
a meter in which a majority of the feet contain three syllables
anapestic
unstressed, unstressed, stressed
dactylic
stressed, unstressed, unstressed
monosyllabic foot
a foot consisting of one syllable
spondaic
stressed, stressed
monometer
one foot per line
dimeter
2 feet per line
trimeter
3 feet per line
tetrameter
4 feet per line
pentameter
5 feet per line
hexameter
6 feet per line
heptameter
7 feet per line
octameter
8 feet per line
nonameter
9 feet per line
decameter
10 feet per line
foot
a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm
stressed syllable
part of the word that is emphasized when said aloud
unstressed syllable
a syllable that is not accented or given more prominence in its pronunciation
rhyme
repetition of sounds at the ends of words
slant-rhyme
approximate rhyme
enclosed rhyme
A term applied to the rhyme pattern of the In Memoriam stanza: abba
alternating rhyme
every other line rhymes
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
couplet
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
rhyming couplet
Pair of lines that rhyme
tercet
a three line stanza
quatrain
a four line stanza
quintain
a five line stanza
sestet
a six line stanza
octave
a eight line stanza
refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
caesura
a grammatical pause partway through a line.
enjambment
the continuation of meaning, without pause or break, from one line of poetry to the next
end-stopped line
a line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation
assonance
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words
alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
sibilance
A hissing sound
euphony
any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds
cacophony
a bad sounding word.
fixed-form poetry
when a poem follows a specific format
English Sonnet
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
Italian Sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
Villanelle
a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.
free verse
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern
figurative language
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.
metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
symbol
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
synecdoche
substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
apostrophe
when you speak to a non-human object
connotation
the symbolic or metaphorical meaning of a word
denotation
the literal meaning of a word
allusion
when we refer to something.
ambiguity
something that is not clear or is vague
theme
the central message or idea of something
tone
how something sounds and the way it is said
irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
dramatic irony
occurs when another character(s) and/or the audience know more than one or more characters on stage about what is happening
verbal irony
occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought
situational irony
occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected