Asimov and I, Robot
Isaac Asimov was born
on January 2, 1920, in Russia.
In 1923, at the age of three, Asimov
immigrated to the USA.
He grew up
in Brooklyn, New York.
Asimov graduated from Columbia University
He also obtained a PhD
Asimov died on
April 6, 1992.
I, Robot is a collection
of nine short stories.
I, Robot was published
Asimov developed a set of ethics
for robots and intelligent machines.
He introduced the words positronic, psychohistory, and robotics
into the English language.
Asimov wanted to call his collection
"Mind and Iron".
The name "I, Robot" was chosen by the publisher,
against Asimov's wishes.
The collection shares a title with the 1939 short story "I, Robot"
by Eando Binder
Eando Binder is a pen-name used
by two mid-20th-century science fiction authors.
I, Robot contains the short story in which
Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics first appear.
The First Law of Robotics: A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction,
allow a human being to come to harm.
The Second Law of Robotics: A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings
except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
The Third Law of Robotics: A robot must protect its own existence as long as
such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws.
Asimov also added a fourth law: A robot may not harm humanity, or, by inaction,
allow humanity to come to harm.
The word robotics first appeared in Asimov's science-fiction story "Runaround"
The modern term robot derives from the Czech word robota used
in Karel Capek's play R.U.R. in 1920.