24 terms

Hal Leonard Piano 3 Theory

Piano Music Terms & Signs Level 3
STUDY
PLAY
Half Step
The distance from one key to another with no key in between
Whole Step
The distance from one key to another with one key in between
Tonic
first tone or note of a scale
Subdominant
fourth tone or note of a scale
Dominant
fifth tone or note of a scale
Improvisation
making up music on the spot
a tempo
Return to the original tempo
15ma--
Play the notes 2 octaves higher than written
Key Signature
Symbols at the beginning of a song that tell which notes to play sharp or flat
Eighth Note
Half the value of a quarter note
Arpeggio
Notes of a broken chord played one after another, up or down a keyboard
2/4 Time Signature
2 beats per measure, quarter note=1 beat
Loco
Play the notes where written
Dotted quarter note
1 1/2 beats in 4/4 Time
D.C. al Fine
Return to the beginning and play to the Fine
D.S. al Fine
Return to the sign (segno) and play to the Fine
Transposition
Playing a piece in a different key
D.S. al Coda
Return to the Sign (Segno) and play to the Coda Sign. Then go to the Coda and play to the end.
March
A type of music written for soldiers to walk to or for ceremonies. It usually has a strong beat.
Blues
A type of American popular music that began in the first decade of the 20th century
Parallel key
"Keys" that share the same tonic or keynote (C Maj - c min)
Relative key
"Keys" that share the same key signature (C Maj- a min)
Sightreading
Playing a piece of music without practicing it first.
Triad
3 note chord