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AP Comparative Government - UK
Terms in this set (43)
A private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office
British party more responsive to commercial and manufacturing interests.
a supporter of traditional political and social institutions against the forces of reform
the working-class political party that wanted a peaceful transition to socialism, gained power
One who favors limited government intervention, particularly in economic affairs
a parliament in which no single party has majority control in the House of Commons
British Labour Prime Minister, 1997 to 2007; staunch American Ally on war against terrorism
called for nationalization of the commanding heights of British industry by the Labour Party
leader of Labour in 1983
British Prime Minister from the Labour Party that served from 2007 to 2010. Seceded Tony Blair
People opposed to the UK's membership in the EU and the expansion of the EU's power.
Liberal DEMOCRATIC who helped David Cameron form a coalition government in 2010
Plurality Voting System
the electoral process in which the candidate who polls more votes than any other candidate is elected.
an electoral system in which parties gain seats in proportion to the number of votes cast for them.
Welsh nationalist party
Scottish National Party
A left-leaning nationalist party in Scotland that advocates secession from the UK.
Fixed-Term Parliaments Act of 2011
Introducing fixed-term elections to the Westminster parliament for the first time. Under the provisions of the Act, parliamentary general elections must be held every five years, beginning in 2015.
current leader of SNP
Good Friday Agreement
an agreement to end the conflict in Northern Ireland signed in 1998 by Protestants and Catholics
Interest Group Pluralism
relatively autonomous groups competing with one another for influence in policymaking
interest groups take the lead and dominate the state. (Societal corporatism)
Quasi-autonomous non-governmental organizations that assist the government in making policy.
Confederation of Business Industries
limits the Trade Union Congress' wage demands in exchange for 3% reduction in income tax rates
British Broadcasting Corporation
An independent, public corporation for broadcasting set up by British Parliament
A system of government in which the legislature selects the prime minister or president.
A political system in which the chief executive and the legislature are elected independently
A government that gives all key powers to the national or central government
The doctrine that all cabinet members must agree with all decisions.
First Among Equals
a phrase which indicates that a person is most senior of a group of people sharing the same rank
the secondary party that does not win the majority in the House of Commons
The official leadership of the opposition party that "shadows" the cabinet
Legislators who do not hold leadership positions within their party caucus or conference.
Time reserved in British Commons for MP's to questions members of the cabinet.
Speaker of the House of Commons
like a referee in parliament; decides who is going to speak, may cast a vote in a case of a tie.
Vote of No Confidence
where a majority of parliamentary members vote to remove a prime minister from office
The principle that Parliament's decisions are final
Members of the House of Lords whose seats have been passed down through family ties
Distinguished members of the society who are given lifetime appointments to the House of Lords
power in implementing legislative and executive decisions
A legal system based on custom and court rulings
a written set of laws that apply to everyone under a government
five members of the House of Lords who serve as Britain's highest court of appeals
Highest court in the land
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