57 terms

Imperialism TEST

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1. All of the following came under French (French Indochina) control EXCEPT _______. : Vietnam, Cambodia , Thailand , Laos
2. The Spanish-American War resulted in
new territories for the US
3. ______ ________ led a movement for independence in the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
5. Overseas expansion was partly a result of manufacturers' need for
natural resources
6. One advantage European countries had in their imperial expansion was
powerful armies and navies
7. How did the Industrial Revolution encourage Imperialism? Did it... Make Europeans feel sorry for their "little brothers", Create a need for land, Create a need for raw materials and markets, OR Make westerners feel obligated to improve the human species?
created a need for raw materials and markets
8. In the late 19th century, the force bashing the colonization of Central Africa was...
Leopold II of Belgium
9. By 1914, the only independent states in Africa that were not under imperial control were
Liberia and Ethiopia
10. The Boers were descendants of ..... a. The indigenous Zulu peoples of South Africa, b. Watusi nomads, who had been driven south by German colonists, c. The original Dutch settlers of Cape Town and the surrounding areas, d. German colonists who pushed the Zulu people out of Nigeria
11. Why did Christian missionary groups follow explorers to Africa and other areas?
to win sould to Christianity
12. Which of the following countries gained control of much of southern Africa during the 1800s? France, Italy, Spain, Britain
13. The European policy of paternalism reflected the belief that Africans should be: Separated into ethnic groups, Trained to function as leaders, Watched over and taken care of, or Granted more rights and freedoms
watched over and taken care of
14. In 1876 Queen Victoria assumed the title of
Empress of India
15. British rule of India brought Indian society all of the following benefits EXCEPT ________. ... Order and stability, A new school system, Railroads and telegraphs, Tea
16. ______________ set up a nonviolent movement with the aim to force the British to grant independence to India
Mohandas K Gandhi
18. Although the East India Company improved roads in India, their main goal was to
make money
19. The Suez Canal was built through the combined efforts of the
French and Egyptians
20. According to Ram Mohun Roy, in order to successfully move towards independence, Indians had to either a. Convert to Christianity, b. Hold firmly to traditional ideas, c. Take up arms against their British rulers, or d. Change some of their cultural and religious practices
21. Why was India called the "jewel in the crown"? a. It had a vast supply of diamonds, rubies, sapphires, b. It was the most valuable of all Britain's colonies, c. The sepoys were a perfect model of successful imperialism
22. Why did thousands of Boers move north in the Great Trek?
to escape the British
23. To improve their balance of trade with China, the British sold the Chinese _______
24. As a result of China losing the Opium War to Britain, all of the following happened according to the Treaty of Nanjing EXCEPT: a. The British in China accepted Chinese laws, b. Britain received Hong Kong, c. Four more ports were opened to British trade, d. Foreign citizens gained extraterritorial rights
25. The Qing dynasty's "self strengthening" reforms included which?: Ending trade, Moving toward a monarchy, Adopting Western technology, or Eliminating Confucian ideals
adopting western technology
26. The _______ __________ appealed to many people because it called for reforms, and Chinese people would live in peace without poverty.
Taiping Rebellion
27. What was the goal of the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists?
to drive foreigners out of China
28. Which of the following statements regarding China in the 1800s is TRUE? a. China Was the center of a flourishing civilization, b. China Was in the midst of an economic revival, c. China Was a growing industrial nation, d. China's Society and economy were in decline
29. What principle adopted in 1860 excused foreigners from having to stand trial in Chinese courts?
30. If a colony was run by ______ _____, local elites were removed from power and replaced with a new set of officials from the mother country.
Direct rule
33. During the ________ _________, Japan maintained a strict isolation for more than 200 years.
Tokugawa Shogunate
34. Under the military pressure of Commodore Matthew Perry's fleet, Japan: a. Formed the Taiping society , b. Signed a treaty, opening up trade relation with the US, c. Demanded the Shogun become president of Japan
35. The Meiji Restoration was responsible for all EXCEPT _____________. : a. Doing away with extraterritoriality, b. Creating a government similar to that of Germany, c. A modern military like the Europeans, d. Adopting some Western ideas, like industrialization.
36. The 1904 to 1905 war with Russia and Japan resulted in; a. The humiliation of Russia and proving Japan's rising power, b. Russian control of Korea, c. More Japanese immigration to the U.S., d. Greater respect for Russia around the world
37. Under the reign of the young emperor Mutsuhito, Japan : a. Became heavily reliant on foreign money to support its economy, b. Went through a violent period of wars, c. Underwent a political transformation known as the Meiji Restoration, d. Reverted to a democratic system
38. Russia and Japan went to war over what issue?
Russia's presence in Manchuria and Korea
39. What American (US) system did the Japanese adopt during the Meiji era?
Universal public education
40. Queen Liliuokalani was the last monarch of what?
41. The annexation of hawaii was pushed by US _______________?
Sugar cane planters
42. Why did Western nations desire lands in the Pacific Rim? a. Europe had already conquered Africa and South America, b. Their natural resources and strategic location, c. The Pacific Rim lands were considered "the jewel in the crown", d. Western nations had lost their foothold in Africa.
43. Scottish explorer, missionary, and doctor
David Livingstone
44. Who participated in the Exploitation of the native Africans for rubber?
Leopold II
45. System of racial segregation in South Africa
46. Britain wished to control as much of this area since it was the "Lifeline of the Empire"..
Suez Canal
47. Payment for damages by the losing country (paid to the winning country)
48. Indian soldiers serving in the British military
49. Zulu chief, with the help of disciplioned warriors, who created a large state in southern Africa.
50. He hoped to connect British possessions from "Cape to Cairo"
Cecil Rhodes
51. Siam (present day Thailand) was a neutral area between rivals France and Britain. It was known as a
Buffer zone
52. Dutch settlers in South Africa were called
53. Area controlled by foreign countries with exclusive trading rights with China
Sphere of influences
54. young emperor of Japan. He created the Meiji Era.
55. Removed Chinese presence/ claimed Korea
56. Intervention and settlement by Teddy Roosevelt to end RussoJapanese War
Treaty of Portsmouth
57. proposal to ensure equal access to Chinese markets and protect Chinese sovereignty
Open Door Policy
31. What was the "white man's burden"? ... a. Bigger, stronger Europeans could carry more baggage, b. The belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilize primitive people, c. The crowded urban living conditions created by the Second Industrial Revolution, d. The unpopular belief that Europeans were responsible for the mass destruction of native cultures
32. "The sun never sets on the British Empire" signifies: a. Britain is north of the northern lights, b. The peculiar size of the British Isles, c. Britain had a vast empire with colonies all around the world , d. Britain felt responsiblility of the "white man's burden"
17. What was the goal of the Indian National Congress? a. Immediate independence for India and Pakistan, b. Calling for self government, c. A revolution that was embraced by both Hindus and Muslims, d. A new constitution and the violent overthrow of British rule
4. President William McKinley decided to turn the Philippines into an American colony ... a. Because many Americans already lived there, b. Because it was a point for trade with China, c. To prevent the area to fall back in the hands of China, d. In order to conquer neighboring Japan