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Florida Drug and Alcohol Traffic Awareness or the Florida TSLAE

Quiz questions for the Florida Drug and Alcohol Traffic Awareness Course and Exam. This Course and Exam is also known as the TSLAE.

Terms in this set (...)

Who needs to take this course?
All first time drivers in Florida.
How long is this course?
4 hours.
This course includes
The Societal Concerns of drugs and alcohol, The Economic Concerns of drugs and alcohol, How drugs and alcohol affect a motorist.
Where is this course's knowledge applied?
On the roadways of the State of Florida.
What is the leading cause of death of people between the ages of 6 and 33?
Accidents from motor vehicles.
How much alcohol can be fully processed by your liver in an hour?
8 oz of beer, 5 oz of wine, 1 oz of 80 proof alcohol
Driving Under the Influence or drunk driving is assumed at a BAC of ___.
Nothing can stop alcohol from being absorbed into your bloodstream. True of false?
True. Eating food prior to drinking may slow this process but surely does not stop it.
What type of drug is alcohol?
Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant though within the first hour of drinking, alcohol acts as a stimulant.
A person can become a problem drinker by drinking any type of alcohol. True or false?
Alcohol negatively affects the eye's ability to distinguish red from green. True or false?
What is the only way to sober up?
The only way to sober up is time. Contrary to some's belief, drinking coffee or taking a cold shower do not sober one up.
Why does alcohol cause so many road collisions?
Alcohol is involved in a very large number of road collisions because it leads to slow reflexes, problems with vision and a loss of self-control.
What percentage of fatal highway crashes are alcohol related?
Approximately 40%.
In what types of weather do most collisions occur?
While concentrations of crashes occur in freezing rain, sleet, snow etc., most crashes occur in nice weather.
Besides other cars, with what or whom do we share the road?
Besides other cars, we share the road with busses, motorcycles, trucks, tractor trailers, bicycles, pedestrians, delivery vehicles, taxi cabs, etc.
What must you do when you see a stopped school bus with its red lights flashing?
If you see a stopped school bus with its red lights flashing, you must stop. If the bus is coming from the opposite direction, If the bus is on a four lane highway, If the bus is on a divided four lane highway, STOP. Unless the one way roadway is divided by an intervening unpaved space of 5 feet or greater or some other physical barrier and the bus is on another roadway you must stop.
What are the consequences of not stopping when a stopped school bus is stopped and has its red lights flashing?
Fines that start at $100 and 4 points assessed against your driving record.
Who has the right of way at a four way stop?
No driver ever has the right of way at any time. Right of way must be given, not taken.
What should you do if a driver does not yield the right of way?
If a driver does not yield the right of way, the wise course of action is to assume it isn't yours.
What must you do if you see or hear an emergency vehicle approaching that is enroute to meet an existing emergency?
Yield the right of way to the emergency vehicle and immediately proceed to a position parallel and as close as reasonable to the closest edge of the curb of the roadway, clear of any intersection and must stop and remain in position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed unless otherwise directed by any law enforcement officer.
What is a primary cause of collisions in the US?
Distractions are a primary cause of collisions in the US.
What are the three most common conditions of 90% of people who caused a crash?
A study at the Menninger Foundation of crash victims found that over 90% of people causing the crash were experiencing stress, frustration or other emotions or were momentarily distracted moments prior to the crash.
Approximately how many decisions does a driver make per mile of city traffic?
Estimates of decision making showed that a driver makes approximately 300 decisions per mile of city traffic driven (Source: NYS DMV).
Approximately how many decisions does a driver make per mile of rural traffic?
Estimates of decision making showed that a driver makes approximately 100 decisions per mile of rural traffic driven (Source: NYS DMV).
What is defensive driving?
Defensive driving is driving with the proper attitudes, knowledge, and skills to avoid confrontations and collisions with others on the road.
How does one become a good defensive driver?
One becomes a good defensive driver by practicing good observation habits, good driving skills, keeping updated on new rules, and making good driving a top priority.
What is SIPDE and what does it mean?
An acronym used for good defensive driving is SIPDE. Scan, Identify, Predict, Decide and Execute
Scan the road continuously
Identify potential problems
Predict what the other driver will do
Decide what you are going to do about it
Execute the proper maneuver
What is an average driver's reaction time?
An average driver's reaction time is 1 to 1.5 seconds.
What is the two second rule?
The two second rule is a method that can be used to accurately judge the distance of your vehicle in terms of being too close.
Give an example of a Central Nervous System Depressant.
Alcohol, Sleeping Pills, Barbiturates, Tranquilizers
Give an example of a Central Nervous System Stimulant.
Nicotine, Cocaine, Amphetamines
Give an example of an Opioid.
Opium, Codeine, Heroin
Give an example of a Hallucinogen.
LSD, Mushrooms, Morning Glory Seeds, Mescaline, PCP
Give an example of a Cannabinol.
Marijuana, Hashish
Give an example of an Inhalant.
Industrial Solvents, Aerosols, Gasoline, Chloroform, Airplane Glue, Metallic Paints, Nitrous Oxide or Laughing Gas
Give an example of an Anabolic Steroid.
Synthetic Testosterone
Give an example of an Antipsychotic Drug.
Haldol, Thorazine
What are some ways drugs can enter our bodies?
Drinking, Smoking, Snorting, Ingesting, Injecting and Inhaling
Strength and content of a substance is a key factor in the entry of the substance into the body and its effects on the body. True or False?
On average, beer has a higher alcoholic content than wine. True or False?
False. Beer contains about 3-6% alcohol. Wine contains between 11 and 20%.
Which has a higher alcohol content, Liqueur or Liquor?
Liquor has a much higher alcohol content than Liqueur. Liquor's alcohol content ranges between 40 and 50%. Liqueur's alcohol content is between 25 and 35%.
What are some factors involved with the strength of a drug?
Duration of Use, Purity and Quantity
Drugs and alcohol are all absorbed into the body differently depending upon the alcohol, drug and its classification. True or false?
Alcohol does not require decomposition to be absorbed and can enter the bloodstream from the mouth, esophagus or stomach. True or False?
The sooner alcohol reaches the large intestine, the faster the alcohol can be absorbed. True or False?
When alcohol enters the system and makes its way down to the liver, it is cycled through the body while the liver slowly degrades the alcohol and releases it from our system. True or False?
Carbonated beverages increase the rate of alcohol absorption. True or False?
True. Carbonated beverages increase the rate of alcoholic absorption due to the carbonation triggering the pyloric valve to open, resulting in an increase in the speed at which the alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream.
Food in your stomach decreases the rate of alcohol absorption. True or False?
True. Food already in your stomach actually slows down the rate of absorption. The food slows down the rate of movement into the small intestine.
When does alcohol absorption begin? When does it end?
Alcohol absorption begins when the individual starts to drink and ends when all of the alcohol is absorbed into bodily fluids.
When does alcohol elimination begin?
Alcohol elimination begins when the alcohol reaches the liver and the liver begins to break down the alcohol.
The liver eliminates all of the alcohol in ones system. True or False?
Though the liver eliminates approximately 90% of the alcohol from ones body, it does not do all the work.Other bodily functions that eliminate alcohol include
The lungs through breathing eliminate 2-4% of the total amount of alcohol.
The skin through sweating eliminate 2-4% of the total amount of alcohol.
The kidneys through the production of urine eliminate 2-4% of the total amount of alcohol.
Why do some people break down alcohol faster than others?
Some people break down alcohol faster than others due to a variation in the quantity of enzymes responsible for breaking down alcohol.
What are the two enzymes responsible for the breaking down of alcohol in ones body?
The two enzymes responsible for breaking down alcohol are alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase.
What does BAC stand for?
Blood Alcohol Concentration.
How is BAC measured?
BAC is measured by the amount of alcohol in grams of 100 mL of blood or 210 mL of breath.
How much is one "drink" referred to as?
One "drink" is referred to as
12 oz of beer
5 oz of wine
1.5 oz 80 proof alcoholic beverage.
The greater the amount of alcohol you drink, the faster it is absorbed into the bloodstream and the greater the effect on the body. True or False?
How quickly does the average body take to eliminate one "drink"?
The average human body eliminates approximately one "drink" per hour.
How can synergistic effects in relation to drugs and alcohol be defined?
Synergistic effects is defined as the effects that occur when two or more drugs act together.
When two or more drugs act synergistically with one another, what can one expect of the individual effect of each drug on the user?
The individual effect of each drug is multiplied when two drugs are taken and act synergistically.
Why should alcohol and drugs not be used in tandem with one another?
Combining drugs with alcohol makes fatal doses of the drug easier to reach, leading to hospitalization and accidental death.
What is marijuana's primary ingredient?
Marijuana's primary ingredient is tetrahydrocannabinol or THC.
How can marijuana enter the body?
Marijuana enters the body by smoking or eating the plant's leaves, seeds or stems.
What is the initial and long term time frame of the effects of marijuana users?
The effects are usually felt within 5 and 15 minutes of smoking or eating and can last up to several hours, depending on the individual's body chemistry.
What are some effects of marijuana on its users?
Experiencing a dreamlike state
Increase in the senses specifically, sight, smell, taste and hearing
Where in the body is THC stored?
THC is stored within the body's fat cells.
For how long can THC be detected in a human body using a drug test?
THC can be detected by tests in a body up to a week after use.
For how long can THC stay within the human body?
THC stays within the body's fat cells up to 28 days after use.
How is THC eliminated from the body?
THC is eliminated through the liver.
How do Central Nervous System Stimulants enter the human body?
There are several methods of entry including
ingested through food and drink
What are some effects of Central Nervous System Stimulants on the human body?
Users experience intense highs lasting between 1 and 5 minutes followed by intense lows such as depression and worry.
Bodily effects include
Mask fatigue and are used by some to stay awake longer.
Raise blood pressure
Increase rate of breath
Increased heart rate
Increase in body temperature
Dilation of pupils
Impatient and impulsive behavior
Lack of sound judgement
Unnecessary risk taking
How are Central Nervous System Stimulants eliminated from the body?
By the liver.
What are some sources of Hallucinogens?
Hallucinogens are found naturally and in chemically produced drugs. Natural sources include mescaline and peyote mushrooms while Chemically Produced Drugs include LSD and PCP.
What are the effects of Hallucinogens?
Can last for hours, between 6 and 12 or sometimes a few days
Bodily Effects
Impaired judgement
Distortion of time, distance and reaction times
Reduction and elimination of coordination, concentration and attention
How does alcohol affect the body?
By depressing the functions of the brain and the body.
How much ethyl alcohol can a healthy liver process per hour?
A healthy liver can metabolize .6 oz. of ethyl alcohol per hour.