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Islam

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Arabian Peninsula
a desert, Arabs/Bedouins live here
Mecca
This city was the center of polytheistic Arab religion
Medina, Yathrib
This city was where Muhammad made the Hijrah to
Muhammad
the founder of Islam; a prophet to whom the angel Gabriel spoke
Kadija
Muhammad's wife
Fatima
Muhammad's daughter
The Rightly Guided Caliphs
what the first 4 caliphs were called
Caliph
Islam's version of a pope
Abu Bakr
He wrote the Koran
Sunnis
the majority of Muslims belong to this division of Islam
Shi'ites
about 10% of Muslims belong to this division of Islam
The Five Pillars
these are the core of Islam
Ramadan
this is the month when Muslims must fast
Hajj
this is the pilgrimage to Mecca every Muslim must make in their lifetime
Shari'ah
all the rules in Islam on how society should work
Imam
Islam's version of a priest
Mosque
Islam's version of a church
Jihad
"struggle"; there is a greater and lesser form of this; this term is often associated with terrorists