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Mexico; Planned a revolution with Criollos; Mestizos and Native Americans fought against the Spanish; Captured and executed
South America/Venezuela; Freed future countries of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama
Jose de San Martin
South America/Argentina; Freed Chile from Spanish rule; Gave control of army to Bolivar
Oil prices to run factories rose; prices for Latin American goods dropped; many countries went into debt
Oil prices in the 1980s
invested, resulting in most powerful companies making huge profits
Foreign countries in Latin America
Treaty of Tordesillas
the 1494 treaty setting up the Line of Demarcation, giving Spain the right or settle and trade west of the line and Portugal the same rights east of the line
Line of Demarcation
an imaginary line form the North Pole to the South Pole (at about 50 degrees longitude) set forth in the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas
16th century conquerors working for the Spanish government who were in charge of gaining land and wealth in the Americas
Aztecs thought Europeans were gods and brought them to Tenochtitlan; Moctezuma was killed and Aztec empire was destroyed
captured Atahualpa and asked for a ransom; killed Atahualpa and took over Incan Empire
Native American population went from 25 million to 3 million in 50 years; creation of New Spain and Peru (Kansas to the tip of South America)
Effects of European Exploration
rivalry between Spain and Portugal; new land; fame; wealth
short-term effects of European exploration of Latin America
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