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Arts and Humanities
RST 255 Quiz 1
Terms in this set (43)
Which ethical perspective argues that decisions should be based on what does the most good for the most people?
Arguing that universal principals apply in every situation
The Categorical Imperative has been criticized for
____ serves as the foundation for moral rights
Treating humanity as an end
A boss bullying an employee is violating which ethical principle?
The Golden Mean
Juanita sets limits on how much her employees use work computers for personal business. However, she does not completely ban personal use. She is following which ethical principle?
Build character through good habits
Which is a true statement about Aristotelian ethics?
Forbids making a profit
All of the following are true statements about Confucianism EXCEPT
______________ is the Chinese practice of favoring those with social connections.
To find a better solution to a dilemma
Why should you practice ethical plualism?
To maximize the good effects or outcomes of decision
What is the goal for utilitarianism?
Kant's Categorical imperative
Which ethical perspective emphasizes choices based on duty?
What is NOT a key element of Confucianism?
Ethical _________________ means applying multiple ethical approaches to solve the same problem.
The _________________ describes choosing the moral middle ground between extremes.
T or F In focusing on what's best for the group as a whole, Utilitarianism discounts the worth of the individual.
T or F According to the Categorical Imperative, acts can be judged as moral or immoral based on their consequences.
T or F Respect for a person is the foundation for human rights
T or F Aristotle lays out specific rules for making ethical decisions.
T or F The term "eudemonia" can be translated as "flourishing."
A situation where the utilitarian solution would be better than honoring rights is producing GMO foods. It would be better in this instance because producing foods with GMO would great a larger food supply for our growing population but it goes against people's rights by putting potentially harmful chemicals in foods. Future implications would be if we allow companies to put chemicals in food, FDA regulations may change for food health and safety.
Give an example of a situation where a utilitarian solution would be better than honoring rights. Or give a situation where honoring rights would be a better solution than honoring utilitarianism.
In the past, scholars and researchers did not include ________ as part of the moral decision-making process.
Although the research indicated otherwise, Matthew felt the company product could be of danger to its consumers. Because it had it in his power to do so, in an effort to prevent any further contamination in future sales, he pulled the product from the shelves. This is an example of which type of moral imagination?
We are more likely to recognize a moral or ethical dilemma based on its ______________.
Listen to others
Look for an innovative way to solve the issues
Pay attention to her own feelings
If Makena wanted to grow in her ethical sensitivity, a positive step would be:
Which Harvard psychologist developed moral stages which illustrated that individuals develop morally just as they would develop physically?
In Kohlberg's stages of moral development, a child obeys the rules of the house in order to avoid a punishment. This is an example of which stage in Kohlberg's moral development theory?
The forecasting team needed direction and decisions from their manager, Kathy. They were already 2 days overdue on the project deadline. Kathy didn't want to disappoint any of her colleagues and she was trying to people please all of her co-workers, even to the point of a late project. Which negative motivating factor did Kathy demonstrate?
When a co-worker confronted Grady about the large discrepancy in the inventory list, he claimed, "The boss made me do it." This dissonance is an example of:
Use both cognition and emotion
Which is a true statement about the role of emotion in moral decision-making?
Susan is strongly against siblings marrying one another but cannot explain why she feels the way she does. Susan's response is an example of
In _______________, organizational members step outside their current frame of reference to assess and evaluate.
Magnitude of Consequence
An ethical scandal leading to the loss of billions of dollars and the loss of thousands of jobs attracts the attention of the public for what reason?
Perspective taking skills play an important role in which component of ethical behavior?
Most people are at what level of moral development?
Rewards and emotion
_________ and ____________ play an important role in following through on ethical choices?
Moral ______________ describes the tendency of people to want to appear moral when acting immorally.
Reward yourself for doing the right thing
Act on our moral emotions
Seek out organizations that reward ethical behaviors
What is good advice for increasing your moral motivation?
We are more likely to take notice of ethical issues when they involve people who are close to us. This is referred to as:
Which type of moral imagination is needed when society doesn't recognize the issue and actors are powerless?
Sam is angry about the wide gap between the wealthy and the poor in society. He is demonstrating which type of moral emotion?
Forgiving our own unethical behavior
Forgetting that we have violated moral rules is associated with which cognitive bias?
When people are in a time crunch, that is all they can think about.The adrenaline and anxiety of finishing the task skew people's judgment. Individuals only focus on what is at hand and finishing it in the allotted time frame no matter how it gets done.
Explain why time pressures undermine moral reasoning.
An ethical decision does not always produce positive outcomes. What might be ethical could lead to losing out on something or not doing as well. Therefore it is wrong to judge ethical decisions based on outcomes.
What's wrong with judging ethical decisions based on outcomes?
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