English Vocabulary Honors
Terms in this set (63)
- intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest.
Example: The medical research was so esoteric that only a few physicians could actually understand the results.
to leave the main subject temporarily in speech or writing
Example: Jerry would digress every time his parents asked for his report card.
a scarcity or lack of something
Example: Although the lake is filled with water, the dearth of aquatic life makes it a gloomy sight.
stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt
The boss gave explicit instructions so the company would continue running while he was away on vacation.
very good at doing something that is not easy
Mark is an adept juggler who can easily manage four balls in the air without dropping one.
to cut short; reduce; abridge
We had to curtail our trip up the mountain because of the approaching storm.
showing or having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others
Despite her wealth, the old lady was a callous woman who never gave to anyone in need.
an idea or belief that is false but many people think is true
While the business plan sounds good on paper, it is built on the fallacy that people will pay thirty dollars to see a movie
not to be avoided or evaded: necessary
It's imperative you see me at the earliest opportunity.
a public speaker, especially one who is eloquent or skilled.
Though not a great orator, his speeches were weighty and impressive.
relating to unpleasant or gloomy subjects (such as death)
A person who makes jokes about the dead definitely has a morbid sense of humor.
cautious; having or showing careful good judgement
Everyone knows it is prudent to keep your car doors locked in a big city.
to correct an issue
When Jack was wrongly imprisoned for ten years, the state gave him five million dollars to rectify its mistake.
uncared for or neglected; disheveled; messy
His unkempt appearance caused quite a stir in the courtroom.
As a ravenous carnivore, Adam was sure that he would be able to finish the four pound steak in an hour.
to make free from guilt or responsibility
After the traffic accident, the drunk driver tried to absolve himself of responsibility for the wreck.
to settle a dispute (conflict) between parties
I went to the principal's office to help mediate between two students who had been fighting.
to change continually
The scientist grew concerned as the radiation meter started to fluctuate.
treating all people or groups equally; not partial or biased
Since the judge is related to the defendant, it is not possible for him to be impartial during the trial.
a reward offered for increased productivity or to motivate someone
Now that Jill has a husband, she feels she no longer has any incentive to worry about her appearance.
to duplicate or replicate an image or behavior
Botanists often use lamps to simulate natural sunlight.
to twist out of shape or misrepresent
She always distorts everything I say in order to make me look bad.
done quickly with little attention to detail
After doing a cursory headcount, Claire realized that two of the campers were not in their tents.
a unique role or position one holds in a community or group
After Vivian realized her niche was in culinary arts, she dropped out of law school.
to deliberately damage something (or someone) to prevent it from being successful
Slashing the tires is one of the easiest ways to sabotage a car.
to acquire from something else
In our small town, most of the citizens derive their income from manufacturing jobs.
done as an act of punishment
The university is taking punitive actions against the football player who failed his drug test.
to reduce or take away
Don't let my negativity detract from your happiness.
to respond to an attack in some way
My first instinct was to retaliate and scream back at her.
to embarrass someone
If my mother picks me up from school in my pajamas, she will mortify me in front of my friends.
no longer of use or relevant
Many people believe the internet has made the postal service obsolete.
One student would feign yawns purely to set off a chain of contagious yawns in the room.
to think about something seriously
While sitting in rush hour traffic, James had plenty of time to ponder the miserable state of his marriage.
an individual who supports a cause
to cause or produce
a close or good relationship with other people
to restore a friendly relationship
The church split into several groups after the leader refused to reconcile their differences.
distrustful and negative
After being dumped by his girlfriend, Jack was cynical about dating other girls.
unlikely or questionable
Since EHS is behind by forty points, it is implausible they will come back to win the game.
Since I enjoy being indolent, there's nothing I find more pleasant than relaxing in bed.
to make someone angry
Whenever you make fun of my best friend, you infuriate me.
a new method or idea
Electricity is the best innovation ever!
to try to settle an argument between two people
The lawyer will intercede for his client in the court proceedings
emotionally disturbing or distressing
The death of his squirrel was the most traumatic event of his life.
State of confusion
During the riots, there was widespread turmoil in the city.
My teacher asked me to abridge my essay because it exceeded the page length.
If you wear that short dress to church, many people will consider you to be too brazen.
to consider or think about
Before making a decision, be sure to contemplate all options.
an individual's behavior
Rose has such a friendly demeanor that everyone wanted to be her friend.
to require and involve
The holiday party for 300 guests will entail a lot of work.
Weak or lacking strength
Gary's feeble attempt to win the race did not result in a trophy.
Happy and friendly
Stories describe Santa Claus as a jovial character who gives toys to children.
I loathe having to sit in the waiting room for hours.
Large and varied amount
In Las Vegas, it seems as if there are a myriad of casinos on each block.
having the life of a drifter
The nomadic tribe moved their camp several times a year.
The novice actor missed cue after cue.
at a useful or convenient moment
The teenager knew there would never be an opportune time to tell her parents that she failed a class.
a model or typical example
Handsome, intelligent, and kind, Trent is the paradigm of a perfect man.
expressing or revealing sad thoughtfulness
After losing his job, Alex became more pensive than ever.
having an intense flavor or odor
When the pungent smell of rotten eggs filled the house, I held my nose.
a difficult situation
The decline of the housing market has put many real estate agents into a quandary.
During the riots, crime was rampant in the streets.
Style of management or rule
Under the country's military regime, criminals were punished harshly.
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