21 terms

U.S. History Precontact to 1763

For what purposes did Hopewell and Mississippian Native Americans use earthen mounds?
The Hopewell and Mississippian, In the Hopewell tradition, burial mounds were constructed to honor deceased leaders. Mississippian Native Americans constructed large earthwork mounds that served as cultural centers in major cities. These settlements were centralized and hierarchical.
How did the development of farming lead to the development of towns among the earliest people in the Americas?
Once people began farming, it became possible to settle in one place. Some of these farming communities developed trade with others and grew into towns, which became centers of government and religion.
What group of Mound Builders constructed the first cities in North America?
The Mississippian Native Americans built mounds that served as cultural centers. These mounds became the centerpieces for the first cities in North America.
Describe the motivations of European explorers in the period from 1492 to 1763.
-fame and fortune
-northwest passage to Asia.
Which Spanish explorer found the Mississippi River?
Hernando de Soto
What were the differences in how Europeans and Native Americans viewed nature?
Native Americans, viewed nature and their physical surroundings as dynamic, beyond human control, and always to be respected. Europeans tended to see nature and the environment as sources of materials that could be shaped or used in whatever ways humans deemed fit.
What caused the greatest number of Native American fatalities?
European diseases killed more Native Americans than any other single cause.
What type of knowledge did Native Americans share with Europeans soon after they arrived?
Native American shared agricultural knowledge about how to grow crops such as corn.
Describe some of the differences between French and English colonies in North America.
The French focused on fur trading, while English colonists developed agricultural enterprises. English colonists were generally much less interested in converting Native Americans to Christianity than the French colonists.
How did Pennsylvania's founders differ from those of Massachusetts?
the founders of Pennsylvania believed in religious toleration. The Quakers who settled Pennsylvania were much more tolerant of religious differences.
What type of established church did Rhode Island support?
Roger Williams established Rhode Island as a haven for religious freedom.
What were the commonalities and differences among King Phillip's War, Bacon's Rebellion, and the French and Indian War?
All three involved conflict between Native Americans and American colonists over land or natural resources.
Bacon's Rebellion occurred because of which of the following events?
Virginia's frontier settlers wanted help in their conflict with Native Americans.
What three regions were involved in the Triangular Trade of this period?
The system of Triangular Trade involved American colonist trading goods with other merchants in Europe and Africa.
The Great Awakening (1730)
a religious movement swept the American colonies. Protestant ministers calling for intense personal religious experiences led the movement.
How did the colonial experience of John Smith and John Winthrop differ?
John Smith was a captain in the first expedition to Virginia. He rose to a leadership position in the colony after his capture by the Powhatans and his exploration of territories adjacent to Virginia. Smith only lived in the colony for a short period of time before returning to England. John Winthrop was the leader of Massachusetts Bay at its establishment in 1630. Winthrop enjoyed a long career in the colony.
James Oglethorpe wanted a colony in which:
where debtors in England could get a new start in North America.
In what ways did African Americans contribute to and participate in colonial life?
The economic contributions of African Americans included the planting and harvesting of crops as well as the practice of various crafts in small-scale industrial operations on farms and plantations. Slavery robbed most African Americans of their freedom but did not prevent the development of a rich cultural and social system.
What were the differences between Puritans, Baptists, and Quakers?
Most Puritans were still close to the Church of England and sought to purify the Christian religion of Catholic practices. Baptists made a more distinct break from the Church of England and believed that individuals had to understand their beliefs rationally prior to being allowed to enter the church. Quakers were very tolerant of religious differences. They did not believe in formal church structures such as the Church of England.
What was the chronological progression of the settlement in the North American colonies?
end of 15th, The Spanish established a colony in Florida with settlements up the Atlantic coast and along the Gulf of Mexico and California. Beginning in Roanoke in the 1580s, then Jamestown, Plymouth and Massachusetts, in the early 1600s, the British established settlements along the Atlantic Coast of North America.
What were the first and last English colonies settled in North America?
Jamestown was first in 1607 and Georgia was last in 1732.