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Anthropology 1: Chapter 10 (Professor L.W. Hasten)
Terms in this set (33)
Some Neandertal physical characteristics may have arisen as adaptations to a ______ environment.
During glacial periods, the climate in Africa became
There is some evidence to suggest that Neandertals accomplished all of the following except
had language capabilities equivalent to modern humans
Supposed grave goods found in Neandertal burials
include bone and stone tools, along with animal bones
The sum of the genetic, fossil, and archaeological evidence suggests that Neandertals
are closely related to modern humans
Neandertal crania are characterized by which of the following?
a projecting midface
During glacial peaks, much of western Europe would have been
cut off from the rest of Eurasia
The premodern human fossils from Africa and Europe are more similar to each other than they are to the hominids from Asia.
Some assumptions about the hunting capabilities of premodern humans have been challenged by an interesting archaeological find at Schöningen. What did they find?
Neandertals are a fully separate biological species from modern humans and therefore theoretically incapable of fertilely interbreeding with modern people.
Dating too about 850,000 years ago, human fossils from Gran Dolina are placed within Homo
Remains evidencing Middle Pleistocene culture indicate that premodern Homo sapiens
presumably hunted large animals, perhaps horses
Premodern Homo sapiens continued to live in caves and open-air sites, but may also have increased their use of caves.
The Middle Pleistocene humans are morphologically
diverse and broadly dispersed throughout time and space
The majority of Neandertal fossils been found in _____________where they have been most studied.
Upper Paleolithic stone tools were found at the French Neandertal site of St. Césaire, dated to _______ years ago.
Since abundant remains of animal bones are found at their sites paleoanthropologists have described Neandertals as
successful small game hunters, but not necessarily as successful large game hunters as modern humans.
The Neandertal site in Croatia that has produced hominin remains showing the full suite of classic Neandertal morphology is
Africa sites evidence premodern H. sapien fossils that range from _________ years ago.
Recent genetic evidence confirms that some interbreeding took place between Neandertals and H. sapiens sometime between 80,000 and 50,000.
Chinese paleoanthropologists argue that Asian premodern human fossils evidence both earlier and later characteristics. The more ancestral traits include
a sagittal ridge
Upper Pleistocene premodern Homo sapiens that have their evolutionary roots in western Europe include
Homo heidelbergensis refers to finds from China dating to between 850,000 and 200,000 years ago.
One interpretation of the genetic evidence is that the intermixing of the Neandertal and the modern human lineages
occurred between 80,000 and 50,000 years ago
The genetic evidence from Neandertal remains that is used in studying most Neandertal fossils is in the form of
Neandertal fossil remains have been found to reach as far back as ________ years ago.
The La Chapelle-aux-Saints skeleton is not a typical Neandertal
because the individual not only had arthritis of the spine but evidences an extreme in the Neandertal range of variation.
Shanidar cave is extraordinary in that an individual in the burial
evidences a skull having received a crushing blow, probably causing blindness, and a blow to the right side rendering the right arm useless.
Neandertal brain size
was larger, on average, than that of modern humans
The ________ epoch has been called the "Ice Age."
Compared to Homo erectus, the cranium of the earliest premodern Homo sapiens exhibit
a more rounded braincase
The Mousterian stone tool tradition
is not always associated with just Neandertals, since sometimes it is found with modern humans.
What is the term for the stone tool technology most often associated with the Neandertals that extended across Europe and North Africa, into the former Soviet Union, Israel, Iran, central Asia and possibly China?
Detail and describe the major technological differences among the stone tools of the Lower, Middle, and Upper Paleolithic and provide a chronology of these archaeological periods.
key features of a scientific understanding (3)
Make sure you can summarize the basic ideas of Gradualism and Punctuated Equilibrium as explanations for Macroevolution. Which account does the fossil record best support? What characteristic of the fossil record provides this support?
How could cooking contribute to brain growth in early hominins?
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