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189 terms

L.A. Final Vocabulary

STUDY
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palpable
capable of being touched or felt
receding
moving back or away
vitality
life or liveliness
disarming
peaceable, friendly, or harmless
tangible
real or actual, rather than imaginary
intricate
complicated or detailed
surmounted
overcame
condone
excuse or overlook or seem to approve
righteous
moral
lacerate
to tear roughly
iridescent
showing a rainbow-like display of color
infallible
unable to fail or make mistakes
dogged
persistant or perservering
reiterate
repeat or restate
faring
managing; getting along
siege
a steady or prolonged attempt to gain control over a town or other place
heresy
an opinion or behavior that goes against the teaching of the dominant religion or
belief system
rubicund
rosy; reddish
precariously
dangerously or depending on uncertain circumstances
reconnaissance
investigative and explorative, usually for military purposes
compound
added to or combined
slackening
lessening or loosening
feverish
marked by intense emotion, activity, or instability
frail
weak
repercussion
consequence or reverberation
surge
to rise suddenly to an excessive or abnormal value
apparatus
a set of materials designed or equipment for a certain use
muffle
to deaden the sound of
tumultuously
riotously or with a violent commotion
resilient
able to bounce back or recover
deft
skillful or competent
apprehensive
fearful or anxious
amble
walk or move slowly
elaborate
planned with great care or detail
pallor
paleness or lack of color
furtively
secretively or sneakily
clamor
loud noise or ruckus
obstinate
stubborn
sullenly
gloomily or crabbily
imminent
ready to take place or about to happen
valiant
boldly courageous; brave; stout-hearted
victual
food supplies; provisions
disdain
to look upon or treat with contempt; despise; scorn
pernicious
deadly; fatal
commendation
recommendation; praise
flout
to mock
obstinate
firmly or stubbornly adhering to one's purpose, opinion, etc.; not yielding to argument, persuasion, or entreaty
temporize
to be indecisive or evasive to gain time or delay acting
impediment
obstruction; hindrance; obstacle
shrewd
mischievous, scolding
counterfeit
imitate, mimic
daff
turn aside
melancholy
mournful; depressed
libertine
one who acts without moral restraint; a dissolute person
enamor
to charm or captivate
requite
to give or do in return
poniard
dagger typically having a slender square or triangular blade
semblance
outward aspect or appearance
bestow
to present as a gift; grant, give
propose
to offer or suggest
furnish
to provide or supply
coy
slyly hesitant, shy, modest
antic
playful trick or prank
vouchsafe
to give or grant, as by a favor
unconfirmed
not finally established or settled
commodity
an article of trade or commerce
burden
that which is carried; a load
apprehension
anticipation of misfortune, fear of future trouble
moral
principle with respect to right and wrong
ethics
moral principles or code of right and wrong
dictum
a formal statement of principle
domicile
a house or place where a person lives
impotent
powerless
malevolent
evil or wishing to cause harm
predilection
preference or preferred way of doing something
taciturn
almost always silent or reserved
condescended
agreed to do something that you believe to be beneath your dignity
amiable
friendly
contemptuous
the feeling that someone or something is beneath you or is worthless
degradation
a state of low honor or moral character
denunciation
strong disapproval or condemnation
devoid
completely without
prerogative
exclusive right, privilege, or choice
altercation
fight or heated argument
begrudge
feel resentment about or disapproval of someone else having something
venerable
impressive in age or historic associations
elucidate
explain or make clear
acrimonious
bitter or nasty
umbrage
offense or insult
ambidextrous
able to use both hands with equal ease
audible
loud enough to be heard
congenital
an existence at birth
perpetual
everlasting or continious
expunge
remove completely
volition
desire, choice or will
feral
wild, savage or animalistic
hypocrites
people who pretend to be something they are not or who say one thing and do another
remorse
feeling of regret or guilt over one's actions
recluse
someone who stays away from society and the company of other
contentious
always ready to argue or fight
monosyllabic
one sound or speaking with a sing, uninterrupted sound
benevolence
a generous or thoughtful gift or generosity
morbid
gruesome or horrible
tacit
unspoken or understood without being discussed
malignant
dangerous or evil
cordial
warm and friendly
unfathomable
cannot be understood
indigenous
native or originating in a region
auspicious
favorable or promising for the future
indiscriminately
arbitrarily, haphazardly, or randomly
encumbrance
burden or hindrance
waif
orphan or stray
mysticism
spirituality or direct communication with or knowledge of God
prominent
famous or outstanding
decree
ruling or official announcement
expound
explain or elaborate on
firmament
heaven, sky or basis or foundation
premonition
forewarning, intuition or feeling about the future
ghetto
part of a city where a group is forced to live by law, poverty or prejudice
haggard
worn, tired or fatigued
edict
command, law or proclamation
truncheon
club used as a weapon
hermetically
in an isolated, solitary or airtight way
monotonous
dull or repetitive
abominable
vile, horrible or monstrous
unremittingly
constantly or without stopping
antechamber
entrance, foyer or waiting room
bestial
feral, savage or like a beast
lucidity
clarity or clearness
semblance
actual or seeming similarity
indeterminate
vague or not definite
clout
blow or hit
compulsory
required or not optional
wizened
withered, shriveled, or decayed
blandishment
flattery or cajolery
automaton
robot or android
privation
deprivation or dispossession
countenance
face
crucible
container in which metals are heated until they melt
scholarly tone
serious and somewhat formal or academic way of writing
topic sentence
the main idea of the paragraph
transition or transitional phrase
a bridge between different ideas
context
gives a brief introduction of the textual evidence
textual support
directly quoted evidence from the text
analysis of quote
the critical evaluation of the quote and how it relates to the topic sentence
concluding sentence
summarizes the main idea of the paragraph, by echoing the topic sentence, but stating the idea a little differently
thesis statement
an arguable statement reflecting the writer's interpretation of the text
outline
a structure for planning that includes only the main points which will define the paper
flow
well organized writing that moves smoothly and logically
oxymoron
a literary technique in which two contradictory words come together for a special effect
symbol
a concrete or real object used to represent an idea. It is an object, a person, a situation, an action, or some other item that has a literal meaning in the story but suggests or represents other meanings
suspense
the element of plot that makes the reader want to read on to find out what happens
simile
a figure of speech that directly compares two unlike things using like or as
theme
the message about life or human nature that is inferred by the author in a literary work
irony
a contrast between what is said and is really meant
foreshadowing
a hint given by the writer about something that will happen later in the story; increases reader's feeling of suspense
hyperbole
overstatement or exaggeration, usually to achieve a humorous effect
metaphor
a figure of speech that directly compares two unlike things, but does not use like or as
characterization
the process by which a writer presents the personal traits of the people in a story
setting
the time and place in which a story happens
protagonist
the central character in a story, the one upon whom the action centers
antagonist
any force in the story that is in conflict with the protagonist
personification
a figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea
climax
the point in the story when the reader finds out whether or not the protagonist has won the conflict
mood
the feeling a reader gets from reading a particular piece of writing. For example, a story with a scary tone might make the reader feel scared
imagery
figurative description using the five senses
ambiguous
open to or having several possible meanings
pun
play on words
malapropism
an act or habit of using words incorrectly/ridiculously
anaphora
the deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses, or paragraphs
euphemism
a tactful way of saying something harsh
mob mentality
refer to unique behavioral characteristics which emerge when people are in large groups
diction
an author's choice of words
iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
metacognition
thinking about one's own thinking
editing
changing the mechanics of writing
revising
changing the content of writing
voice
the way words sound on a page
cliché
an overused expression
plot
what happens in the story; consists of a series of related events that are brought to some kind of conclusion
tone
a manner, atmosphere, or attitude that carries, or conveys, a feeling
dialect
a regional form of speech that a particular group uses that varies from the "standard" language
conflicts
(man vs. man, man vs. self, man vs. society, man vs. nature) External vs. Internal
exposition
"...as the curtain rises"
rising action
something happens to change or affect the original situation. A problem arises! Attempts may be made to solve it...until...we get to the climax!
climax
the point in the story when the reader finds out whether or not the protagonist has won the conflict
falling action
the result of the climax
denouement
the conclusion in which the protagonist is in either a better or a worse position than at the beginning of the story, sometimes loose ends are made clear
author's craft (style)
a number of different elements come together to make up a writer's style. They include (but are not necessarily limited to) diction, sentence length, sentence type, and the absence or presence of various literary devices.