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Efferent division of the peripheal nervous system that innervates cardiac, smooth muscles & glands also called the involuntary or visceral motor system
Function of Myelin Sheath
Protects & electrically insulates fibers from one another & increases the speed of transmission of nerve impulses
How does the myelin sheath speed up transmission impulses in the nervous system
Myelinated Fibers conduct nerve impulses, rapidly, whereareas unmyelinated fibers tend to conduct impulses slowly
Difference between gray and white matter in the brain. How does it relate to myelin sheaths?
Regions of the brain and spinal cord containg dense collections of myelinated fibers reffered to as white matter primarily fiber tracts. Gray matter contains mostly nerve cellbodies & unmyelinated fibers.
What structures make up the peripheal nervous system
Nerves & Ganglia that lie outside of the brain & spinal cord
Function of neurotransmitters
Open & Close ion channels that influence membrane permeability & consequently membrane potential
Difference between chemical synapse and electrical synapse
Electrical synapses specialized to allow the flow of ions between neurons. While chemical synapses are specialized to release reception of chemical neurotransmitters.
A large transient deplorazation event, including ploarity reversal thatis conducted along the membrane of a muscle cell or nerve fiber
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