Unit 3: Constitution SG
Terms in this set (40)
What feature of the Constitution gives the Supreme Court the power to declare laws unconstitutional?
What is the main responsibility of the executive branch?
Enforce the Laws
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
What branch of government would meet with leaders of another country?
Checks and Balances
The system to where each branch of government exercises some control over the others
How can the judicial branch check the power of the legislative branch?
Separation of Powers
The division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
What is the main responsibility of the judicial branch?
Interpret the Laws
A system in which the power of the government is not absolute (ex. Constitution, Bill of Rights)
What feature of the Constitution gives the people of the country a voice in how government is run?
Right for federal courts to declare laws and actions unconstitutional
Which of the following is a method for the President to check the power of Congress?
Rule by the people. United States government is based upon the consent of the governed; the authority for government flows from the people.
What is the main responsibility of the legislative branch?
Make the Laws
You can't be tried for the same crime twice.
Congress has powers beyond those that are directly stated in the Constitution. These are
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.
Free Exercise Clause
Allows individuals to worship however they choose as long as it does not conflict with the law
How can a proposed amendment be ratified?
By 3/4 vote of the states' legislatures
Describes the role and powers of the legislative branch
Powers of Congress that are directly stated in the Constitution are known as
Describes the role and powers of the executive branch
The government's ability to purchase your property for government use is known as
Describes the role and powers of the judicial branch
McCulloh v. Maryland
Supreme Court case that clarified the necessary and proper clause and strengthened the power of the national government over the states through its interpretation of the supremacy clause
Describes the relationship between states and federal government
What clause of the Constitution gives Congress the power to make all laws that are "necessary and proper"?
Describes the process to amend the Constitution
Which of the following can be used to propose an amendment to the Constitution?
By a 2/3 votes of both houses of Congress
Describes the supremacy of federal law over state law
Marbury v. Madison
This case established the Supreme Court's power of judicial review
In conflicts between state and federal laws, the Constitution declares that
Federal laws take precedence
Due Process of Law
Government must follow proper constitutional procedures in trials and in other actions it takes against individuals
Protections guaranteed by the government; i.e. equal rights under the law
Protections from the government; i.e. freedom of speech
Guarantees that states will respect the legal decisions of other states
Full Faith and Credit
"Clear and Present danger"
Restriction of free speech: it presents a threat to society
Restriction on free speech: words falsely spoken damage the reputation of another
Restriction on free press: a false and malicious publication printed for the purpose of defaming a living person
This section of the Constitution states why it was written.