69 terms

APUSH UNIT 4 (PERIOD 5)

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10 Percent Plan
Plan offered by Abraham Lincoln , a model for reinstatement of Southern states .
13th amendment
abolished slavery
14th amendment
citizenship, due process, equal protection
15th amendment
Amendment that extended suffrage to all races.
abolitionists
people who believed that slavery should be against the law
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States
American Anti-Slavery Society
Founded in 1833 to organize efforts devoted to abolition.
American Indians
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
Appomattox, Virginia
the town where Lee surrendered to Grant
Army of Northern Virginia
The smaller main army of the Confederacy.
Army of the Potomac
It was the major Union army in the eastern front. It fought many battles and ultimately won the war.
Asian Americans
an American who is of Asian (chiefly East Asian) descent.
Black Codes
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
bleeding kansas
nickname given to the kansas territory because of the bloody violence there
carpetbaggers
northern whites who moved to the south and served as republican leaders during reconstruction
civil war amendments
13th, 14th, and 15th amendment. Required to be passed in the south as part of their readmittance to the US
colonization
One country taking over another area to be used for their benefit
committees of vigilance
groups of people who took on extralegal means to assert law and order
compromise of 1850
Agreement designed to ease tensions caused by the expansion of slavery into western territories
confederacy
a loose union of independent states
confederate states of america
the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
congressional reconstruction
Congress's attempt at Reconstruction after they overtook Johnson.
contrabands
Contraband was a term commonly used in the United States military during the American Civil War to describe a new status for certain escaped slaves or those who affiliated with Union forces.
crittenden compromise
-amendment to protect slavery where it existed with the extension of the 36-30 line to California
declaration of sentiments and resolutions (1848)
called for an end to laws that discriminated against women
dred scott vs sanford (1857)
Supreme court case supporting that slaves were considered property
Election of 1860
Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party was split over slavery.
Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
Proclamation issued by Lincoln, freeing all slaves in areas still at war with the Union.
Fire-Eaters
Hotheaded southern agitators who pushed for southern interests and favored secession from the Union
Free Soil
People who opposed expansion of slavery into western territories
Freedmen's Bureau
Organization run by the army to care for and protect southern Blacks after the Civil War
Fugitive Slave Act
1850 law meant to help slaveholders recapture runaway slaves
Gettysburg
(AL) 1863 (meade and lee), July 1-3, 1863, turning point in war, Union victory, most deadly battle of Civil War
Great Famine (1845 - 1850)
Result of the potato blight in Ireland in the 1840's
Greenbacks
Paper money
Internal Revenue Service (1862)
The branch of the U.S. Treasury Department in charge of collecting taxes
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
John Brown / Harper's Ferry (1859)
radical abolitionist, attempted insurrection by gaining munitions and arming the slaves in Harper's Ferry
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
a law that allowed voters in Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether to allow slavery
Know Nothing Party
political party of the 1850s that was anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant
Ku Klux Klan
White supremacy organization that intimidated blacks out of their newly found liberties
Lecompton Constitution
The pro-slavery constitution suggested for Kansas' admission to the union. It was rejected.
Mason-Dixon Line
Boundary between slave and free states east of Appalachians.
Missouri Compromise (1854)
admitted Missouri as slave, Maine as free; a line (36,30) drawn between slave and free states
Nativism
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
New York Draft Riot (1863)
Violent disturbances in Lower Manhattan, widely regarded as the culmination of working-class discontent with new laws passed by Congress that year to draft men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War.
Nullification
A state's refusal to recognize an act of Congress that it considers unconstitutional
Panic of 1857
- Inflation from California gold
- Over speculation in railroads and land
- Decline in grain prices
Peace Democrats
US Democrats who didn't support the war and hoped to reunite the states through negotiation
Popular Sovereignty
The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or Free
Positive Good Theory
theory proposed that stated slaves would be taken care of "from the cradle to the grave"
Presidential Reconstruction
Andrew Johnson's plan for Reconstruction
Readmit the southern states to the Union as quickly as possible.
Radical Republicans
Political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war
Reconstruction (1865-1877)
rebuilding of the South after the Civil War
Redemption (Reconstruction Era)
the return of white supremacy and the removal of rights for blacks
Republican Party
Antislavery political party that formed in the 1850's.
Sanitary Commission
Founded by Dr. Blackwell to provide medical supplies/assistance to armies in the field.
the forerunner of the American Red Cross
Scalawags
Southern whites who supported Republican policy through reconstruction
Secession
formal separation from an alliance or federation
Second Party System
Democrats and Whigs
Seneca Falls
Location of the first women's rights convention in 1848.
Sharecropping
a tenant farmer who gives a part of each crop as rent.
States Rights
the rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
Idea that states have the right to limit the power of the federal government
Stonewall Jackson
Confederate general
Underground Railroad
a system of secret routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North or in Canada
Union Leagues
Blacks and allied whites informing and mobilizing the new Black voters into the Republican Party
Wade-Davis Bill (1864)
Congressional proposal to require 50% of Southern voters to swear allegiance to the United States (Also known as the Damnesty Bill)
Wilmot Proviso (1846)
Demanded that slavery not be allowed in the new territory gained from Mexico.
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