a story in which characters, the setting(s), and the main events represent/symbolize something else.
a reference to another work of literature (such as a short story, poem, novel, or play). the purpose is to give the reader a better idea.
the most prominent of the characters who oppose the protagonist in a narrative or drama, often a villain seeking to frustrate the protagonist, can be a force of nature. example: Jack from LOTF.
protagonist who has qualities opposite to those normally expected from a hero, such as stupidity, insecurity, dishonesty, and cowardliness. example: Holden is lazy, irresponsible, negative, drinks/smokes, outcast, etc.
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllable. example: Alfonso ate apples and animal characters.
a synonym for evidence, example, concrete detail, fact; used to develop or clarify an idea, enables writers to show readers what they mean exactly.
"winding down" of action in a play, final resolution of the main conflict, occurring directly after the climax.
the development of a character(s) through their speech, action, thoughts, and physical appearance.
point in the story that gives that gives a clue or hint as to what will happen in the future.
contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen. example: Necklace & Lottery.
readers know more about a situation or character in a story than the characters do. example: Cask of Amontillado.
when someone states something but implies another meaning: double meaning in what a character says, audience/reader understands hidden meaning contrast to the character spoken to.
language that communicates meaning beyond the literal level of what is being expressed, used to create effects, emphasizes ideas, evokes emotions, etc. example: hyperbole, metaphor, simile personification.
descriptive writing that paints a picture for the reader and appeals to the five senses. (sight, sound, feels, taste, smell.)
drama that recounts that downfall of dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events.
protagonist who is in conflict w/ an opposing character or force but has a downfall that leads to catastrophe.
opposite of what we expect
- situational: situation turns opposite of what happened
- verbal: opposite of what you say
- dramatic: know something the character doesn't know
possessed by the tragic hero; causes or contributes to his or her downfall that leads to catastrophe.
when ideas, situations, images, and conflicts mirrors one another. example: Holden parallels "the lunatic" from the Bible/kid in the street/darkness in Central Park (darkness in Holden's thoughts.)
Point of View (3 types)
perspective from which a story is narrated.
»First Person - narrator speaks using "I." "me" etc.
»Second Person - "you" etc.
»Third Person - "he" "she" etc.
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion or make a point. example: I was so nervous, i was sweating bullets.
writing that causes the reader to feel pity or sadness: the power of stirring tender emotions.
14 lines, love poem, accent on every other syllable, 5 syllables per line, lyric poem, 14 lines, with a rhyme scheme, (abab cdcd efef gg) Shakespeare sonnet
main claim, directly of a dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events.
speech within a dramatic piece (play) in which a character converses with him/herself, revealing his/her thoughts to the audience.