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39 terms

English Lit. Terms | Final (:

Mr. Bissell Vocabulary ♥
STUDY
PLAY
Allegory
a story in which characters, the setting(s), and the main events represent/symbolize something else.
Alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable.
Allusion
a reference to another work of literature (such as a short story, poem, novel, or play). the purpose is to give the reader a better idea.
Antagonist
the most prominent of the characters who oppose the protagonist in a narrative or drama, often a villain seeking to frustrate the protagonist, can be a force of nature. example: Jack from LOTF.
Anti-Hero
protagonist who has qualities opposite to those normally expected from a hero, such as stupidity, insecurity, dishonesty, and cowardliness. example: Holden is lazy, irresponsible, negative, drinks/smokes, outcast, etc.
Argument
gathering of evidence to support a specific P.O.V.
Assonance
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllable. example: Alfonso ate apples and animal characters.
Illustration
a synonym for evidence, example, concrete detail, fact; used to develop or clarify an idea, enables writers to show readers what they mean exactly.
Climax
highest point in a series of "dramatic" events, turning point.
Denouement
"winding down" of action in a play, final resolution of the main conflict, occurring directly after the climax.
Diction
author's word choice.
Characterization
the development of a character(s) through their speech, action, thoughts, and physical appearance.
Foreshadowing
point in the story that gives that gives a clue or hint as to what will happen in the future.
Situational Irony
contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen. example: Necklace & Lottery.
Dramatic Irony
readers know more about a situation or character in a story than the characters do. example: Cask of Amontillado.
Verbal Irony
when someone states something but implies another meaning: double meaning in what a character says, audience/reader understands hidden meaning contrast to the character spoken to.
Figurative Language
language that communicates meaning beyond the literal level of what is being expressed, used to create effects, emphasizes ideas, evokes emotions, etc. example: hyperbole, metaphor, simile personification.
Foil
when two characters or ideas contrast to emphasize the difference between the two.
Imagery
descriptive writing that paints a picture for the reader and appeals to the five senses. (sight, sound, feels, taste, smell.)
Tragedy
drama that recounts that downfall of dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events.
Tragic Hero
protagonist who is in conflict w/ an opposing character or force but has a downfall that leads to catastrophe.
Irony
opposite of what we expect
- situational: situation turns opposite of what happened
- verbal: opposite of what you say
- dramatic: know something the character doesn't know
Tragic Flaw
possessed by the tragic hero; causes or contributes to his or her downfall that leads to catastrophe.
Metaphor
comparison of two different things, using "is."
Oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms. example: as in 'deafening silence'.
Parallelism
when ideas, situations, images, and conflicts mirrors one another. example: Holden parallels "the lunatic" from the Bible/kid in the street/darkness in Central Park (darkness in Holden's thoughts.)
Point of View (3 types)
perspective from which a story is narrated.
»First Person - narrator speaks using "I." "me" etc.
»Second Person - "you" etc.
»Third Person - "he" "she" etc.
Hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion or make a point. example: I was so nervous, i was sweating bullets.
Pathos
writing that causes the reader to feel pity or sadness: the power of stirring tender emotions.
Sonnett
14 lines, love poem, accent on every other syllable, 5 syllables per line, lyric poem, 14 lines, with a rhyme scheme, (abab cdcd efef gg) Shakespeare sonnet
Thesis
main claim, directly of a dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events.
Tone
the author's emotional mood in the story.
Mood
the feeling or atmosphere the author creates for the reader.
Theme
main topic of a story.
Symbolism
something that represents something else. object, idea, or action.
Soliloquy
speech within a dramatic piece (play) in which a character converses with him/herself, revealing his/her thoughts to the audience.
Simile
comparison using like or as. example: He ran like the wind.
Monologue
long, uninterrupted speech made by one person.
Conflict
things that occur that lead to something else or gets in the way of something else happening; struggle between both sides. examples: (person vs. person/society, person vs. nature, person vs. technology, person vs. self, etc.)