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Arts and Humanities
Old Testament - Test 3
Terms in this set (62)
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habbakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zecharia, Malachi
When and to whom did Israel fall?
722 to the Assyrians
When and to whom did Judah fall?
586 to the Babylonians
(Earliest genuine historiography in world lit) Continuous narrative organizing documents in an orderly presentation with a single overarching purpose (much more than history, also a prophetic and theological point of view) - Surveys four centuries of history ((literary genre that makes up most of the books of Kings)
How many letters in the Hebrew alphabet?
Alphabetic poems - each line begins with a letter of the alphabet in order (Psalm 119 is one of the most famous examples, groups 8 verses under 1 letter)
Successive lines of poetry where parallel themes are reversed (A-B-B-A pattern)
1 Kings 12
Rehoboam's folly, division of Kingdom. (read)
2nd Kings 17: 1-23
The Fall of Israel and Reasons for exile (read)
2nd Chronicles 7:14
God's people are Christians.
Ezra is a priest, a descendant of Aaron (read)
Ezra's prayer (read) - A confession of guilt because of intermarriage between Israelites and the neighboring peoples ("Because of it not one of us can stand in your presence)
The people confess their sin (read) (recounts history of Israel) (Because of this we are in great distress)
The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction
Proverbs 5 and 7
Warning against adultery and sexual immorality
Isaiah 36 and 37
The king of Assyria defies Yahweh. Hezekiah is reassured by Isaiah, then receives another letter, then prays. God strikes down 185,000 Asyrians and takes the king (Sennacherib) back to his land where he is struck down.
Describes the suffering servant whom the New Testament authors constantly refer to as Jesus (Read)
Israel's is like an adulteress woman or prostitute in her idolatry. Yahweh is the faithful husband, Israel is the unfaithful wife.
When calling all people sinners, Paul quotes primarily from
God is just and the
"Law and Prophets" refers to the
Failure of human kings in Kings points to
need for another king
The core of sin is
to love what is not God as if it were God
Who causes Job's suffering? Who does Job attribute it to?
Satan and God. God
How many cycles of conversation between Job and friends?
3. Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar
What 2 ways did Elihu say God speaks to man?
pain of sickness and visions of night
Does suffering have a benefit?
It makes righteous sensitive to sin
Does God ever tell Job why he suffered?
The love of money is...
the root of all kinds of evil
Does Malachi 3:9-10 apply to us?
No 1) concerns Israelites bringing offerings to temple for sacrificial system 2) Tithing as part of temple worship is not the same thing as Christians giving to churches
Is tithing commanded in the New T?
No, but we are to give a voluntarily, unspecified amount
The 6 ways to detect the prosperity gospel are
1) absence of Biblical teaching on suffering 2) Absence of clear and prominent doctrine of self-denial 3) Absence of clear and urgent teaching for believers to fight sin 4) Absence of serious exposition of scripture 5) Absence of dealing with tensions in Scripture 6) Minimization of Christ and the Gospel
5 Types of Psalms
Psalms of Lament (most common type), Psalms of praise (Psalm 117), Psalms of thanksgiving, Penitential Psalms, Imprecatory Psalms (cursing Psalms; most negative emotion is rage)
4 thoughts on the Psalms
1) We should seek to see Christ in the Psalms 2) We should pray the Psalms 3) We should memorize the Psalms 4) We should sing the Psalms
Proverbs is balanced by
General truths; not promises or commands. Yet some proverbs are always true.
Wisdom literature is
Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes
Conclusions of Ecclesiastes
Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the duty of all mankind. For God will bring every deed into judgement, including every hidden thing, whether it is good or evil.
Life has meaning because
God evaluates what we do
Song of Solomon is a book about
Marriage (intimacy and material things are good)
What is prophecy?
Who are prophets in the new-covenant era?
All God's people, but the unique gift remains
Prophecy is not only predictive, it is
proclaiming God's truth (calling people to repentance like John the Baptist)
Cessationism vs. Continuationism
Whether the gifts continue
Old testament prophecies can be
fulfilled in more than one sense
Representations of something in the future; a person or thing in OT that foreshadows a person or thing in NT. The authors of New T determine whether something is a type or an illustration. (tabernacle, sacrificial system, passover)
Message of the prophets
1) You have broken the covenant; you must repent! 2) If you fail to repent, then judgment will come. 3) When you are judged, there is hope for a glorious future restoration.
How has the covenant been broken?
1) Idolatry 2) Religious Ritualism 3) Social Injustice
Is the book of Isaiah in chronological order?
Nope, but generally historical
What Bible verse does Jesus quote in Luke 4:16-21?
What is Lamentations lamenting?
The fall of Jerusalem and destruction of the temple
Jeremiahs is not
a book per se, but a collection of speeches
The basic message of Jeremiah
Justice is coming to God's people. Prophets saying "peace, peace" when there is no peace. Jeremiah 31 - New Covenant
Summary of Isaiah
God alone deserves the glory for He creates, judges, saves
God promises to remove the heart of stone and give a heart of flesh :(Ezekiel 35 and John 3)
Author of Lamentations and three points to take away
Jeremiah 1) The author acknowledged Israel's sin and God's uprightness in judging it 2) Brutally honest with God about emotional and spiritual pain (5 laments built around 22) 3) Stressed God's faithfulness as the basis for Hope in suffering
Don't waste your life
1) We all deserve to die and perish forever 2) Our lives belong to God 3) Don't waste it on material possessions or fun 4) The essence of the unwasted life is one that puts the infinite value of Christ on display for the world to see. What will help make Jesus Christ look like the treasure he is?
The Glory of God, the Lostness of Man, and the Gospel of Christ
(17,000 people groups on planet) Isaiah 6 - the glory of God (King Uzziah had just died) Holiness is more than purity, it means without equal (The Lostness of man - "woe is me!") At the very core of our being we are lost, and hell is horrible (Scandal of grace) Jesus bears our penalty and stands in our place (God both loves and hates sinners) Our sin is not outside of us, it is us. (no record of wrong) Urgent mission (Everyone has damning but not saving knowledge) Glory of God satisfies forever
Esther, Mordecai, Haman, King Xerxes; Susa. Written to explain how feast of purim came to be (etiological) God always punishes his enemies, God is working to deliver His people
Theme of remnant; Ezra is prominent figure in both Ezra and Nehemiah (did he actually write Ezra?) chronicle of hope and restoration
Also written by Ezra; Nehemiah is given permission by Araxerxes to rebuild the wall; Nehemiah was an intercessor
This set is often in folders with...
Old Testament - Test 1
Old Testament Final
Old Testament Test 2
Old Testament: Test 3
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