WH Chapter 6 Rome
Terms in this set (31)
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
the wealthy class in Roman society; landowners
the common people of ancient Rome
The people who represented the Plebians (common people) in government. They had "veto" power.
The two most powerful officials in Rome
In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of the wealthy class
A ruler with total power over a country
a group of Roman soldiers, 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback
Series of wars between Rome and Carthage, Rome defeated and destroyed Carthage
brilliant Carthaginian general who attacked the city of Rome with 50 elephants and 50,000 soldiers
a war between citizens of the same country.
a very popular Roman general who ended the Roman Republic when he seized power and became dictator for life, was murdered by Senators in 44 B.C.
in ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government, made up of Caesar, Pompey and Crassus
means exalted one
200 year period of peace in Rome
first emperor of Rome; starts Pax Romana; grandnephew of Julius Caesar
Roman general under Julius Caesar in the Gallic wars, loyal to Caesar
Religious leader and founder of Christianity
the 12 chosen disciples of Jesus who spread his teachings
Apostle of Jesus who played a key role in the spread of Christianity throughout the Roman Empire
The dispersal of Jews from their native lands in the Middle East by the Romans
Emperor of Rome, had vision of Christian symbol and painted on his soldiers shields, legalized Christianity
Church official in charge of multiple churches
One of the 12 apostles of Jesus, consider him to be the first pope, bishop of Rome
Head of the Roman Catholic Church
The leader of one single Church
A continuous rise in the price of goods and services
soldiers who serve another country for money
Roman emperor who divided the empire into two West (Latin speaking) and an East (Greek speaking)
A place previously known as Byzantium which became the capitol of the Roman Empire or "new Rome"
Barbarian leader of the Huns who raided Roman lands and nearly defeated them.