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abiotic factor

all the non-living parts of an organism's habitat which include water, sunlight, oxygen, temperature, and soil

biotic factor

the living parts of a habitat

birth rate

the number of births in a population in a certain amount of time

carrying capacity

the largest population that an area can support


all the different populations that live together in an area

death rate

the number of deaths in a population in a certain amount of time


the study of how living things interact with each other and non-living things in their environment


the community of organisms that live in a particular area, along with their non-living surroundings


leaving a population


an approximation of a number, based on reasonable assumptions


an evironment that provides the things that the organisms need to live, grow, and reproduce


moving into a population

indicates a carrier of the trait on a pedigree

a half shaded circle or square

indicates an individual that has a trait and will express it on a pedigree

a fully shaded circle or square

limiting factor

an environmental factor that causes a population to decrease


a living thing


the process by which plants make their food


all members of one species in a particular area

population density

the number of individuals in an area of a specific size


a group of organisms that are physically similar and can mate with each other and produce offspring that can also mate and reproduce

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