Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 16 Questions
Terms in this set (37)
cAMP in the cytoplasm
The amplification of the signal from a water-soluble hormone is achieved through an increase in _______.
plasma membrane receptors
Water-soluble hormones affect target cells by binding to __________.
Hormones are transported through the blood stream to target cells.
How do endocrine hormones reach their target cells?
What is the role of activated protein kinases?
Cyclic AMP is degraded by __________.
controls memory and learning
Which of the following is NOT one of the functions of the endocrine system?
Compared to the effects of nervous system, the effects of the endocrine system __________.
Which of the following is a primary endocrine organ?
The anterior pituitary hormone that controls the release of glucocorticoids from the adrenal cortex is __________.
Which of the following is a hormone released at the posterior pituitary?
Hormones that control hormone secretion from other glands are known as:
Where is antidiuretic hormone (ADH, or vasopressin) made?
water retention by the kidneys
What is the primary effect of antidiuretic hormone (ADH, or vasopressin)?
The hormone calcitonin is produced by the __________ cells of the thyroid.
What element is necessary for the production of triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4)?
thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), production of T3 and T4
Place the following hormones in the correct order of their control, from first tier to third tier.
What stimulates the release of parathyroid hormone (PTH)?
increased osteoblast activity
What is NOT an effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH)?
extracellular sodium and potassium ion levels.
decreased blood potassion ion concentration
What inhibits aldosterone release?
corticotropic-releasing hormone (CRH)
What first tier hormone stimulates cortisol production?
high blood glucose levels
Excess cortisol could result in:
The pancreas releases insulin.
when blood glucose levels are high
Taking in glucose and converting it to glycogen.
a liver cell responds to insulin by
What cells in the body respond to glucagon by breaking down glycogen and releasing glucose?
Liver cells, as well as most other cells of the body.
body cells that respond to insulin include
The pancreas releases glucagon, which eventually causes blood glucose levels to increase.
when blood glucose levels are low
The body's tendency to maintain relatively constant internal conditions is called
gluconeogenesis in the liver
Which of the following is NOT one of the effects of the hormone insulin?
pancreatic islets (islets of Langerhans)
which pancreatic cells release insulin and glucagon
raise blood glucose levels
what is the main function of glucagon
The pineal gland produces the hormone __________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) promotes:
gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
high levels of testosterone inhibit the release of
Which of the following enzymes are important in the deactivation of cAMP and termination of signaling?
The hormone released by the hypothalamus is _____.
The hormones released are ADH and oxytocin.
Which of the following is true about the highlighted part of this gland?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
A&P Ch 16 Homework
Chapter 20: The Lymphatic System and Immunity
Chapter 16 - full
A & P Chapter 17 HW Questions & answers
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 16 Homework
endocrine mastering A&P2
Mastering A&P Test 3
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Accounting Test 1
Intakes and Output
IV Helpful hints
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Real Estate Principles
BME 302 Final Exam
clin med pulm