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India during the Maurya Period

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epoch
The Maurya period is an important _________ in Indian
history.
sovereign
During the Maurya period, an empire under one
_____________ was established in India for the first time.
stable
the establishment of one sovereign gave rise to a ________ administration.
Greek Officers
After Alexander's death, the _________declared the territories under their control to be independent States.
ensued
. A struggle for power __________ between Greek Officers.
rebellions
In the Indian territories under Greek rule, there were_________ against the
Greeks.
Chandragupta Maurya
____________ brought together the Indian,
Kings in these regions and went to war against the Greeks.
defeated
Chandragupta ____________the Greeks and established peace in the northwestern
Part of India.
Mauryan
Chandragupta Maurya was the
founder of the ________ empire.
Dhanananda
. He brought to an end the oppressive rule of the Magadha king__________ and
established his own rule in Magadha.
Avanti
Chandraguptas rule extended up to
_________in Madhya Pradesh and Saurashtra in the west.
Patiliputra
His capital was Pataliputra or Patna of the present day Bihar.
Seleucus Nicator
When _________, the Greek king of Babylon , invaded India,
Kabul
Chandragupta defeated him and annexed the
regions of ________, Herat and Kandahar to the Maurya empire.
Megasthenes
Seleucus Nicator had sent his ambassador _____________ to Chandragupta's court.
contemporary
Megasthenes has written an account of
______________ India.
renounced
Towards the end of his rife, Chandragupta ____________ the
throne.
Jain
It is believed that he embraced the _________ religion.
Shravan-Belgol
He
spent the last days of his life at ____________near
Mysore, and died at that place.
Bindusara
After his death his son
____________ became the king of Magadha.
Ashoka
Bindusara was
succeeded by his son ________ around 273 BC.
Governer
Ashoka was the ____________ of the
regions of Takshashila and Ujjayani.
revolt
He crushed the
_________ at Takshashila.
Priyadarshi Raja
From his inscriptions, it appears that he bore the title ,Devanam Priya, ______________,.
Bay of Bengal
Ashoka's empire extended over a vast territory that stretched up to the____________ in the east ,
Nellore
Ashoka's Empire extended upto _________ in the South ,
Arabian Sea
Ashoka's Empire extended upto the ___________ in the west,
river Kabul
Ashoka's Empire extended upto the __________ in the north-west
Nepal
Ashoka's Empire extended upto __________ in the north
Kalinga
Ashoka launched a campaign against __________ with a view to extending his empire,
moved
He won the war, but he was so __________by the terrible bloodshed that he decided never to launch any wars.
love
Emperor Ashoka was convinced that ________ is greater than war.
stone inscriptions
To spread his teachings among the common people, Ashoka erected pillar-edicts and ______________ throughout his kingdom.
respect towards
He laid stress on good conduct and _____________one's elders.
principles
He also stressed the need to follow the ____________of truth, non-violence, mercy, and kindness
towards animals.
religion
Spread of religion :
tenets
Ashoka convened a grand religious council at
upon the __________ of Buddhism.
spread
A scheme was drawn up at this council for the_________ of Buddhism.
Buddhist monks
Accordingly, Ashoka sent a number of ____________ to other
countries outside India.
Buddhism
He sent his own son Mahendra and daughter Sanghamitra to Sri Lanka to preach
______________.
religions
Emperor Ashoka respected all _______.
Public
_______ welfare activities :
subjects.
: Emperor Ashoka did
many things for the happiness and welfare of his
________.
medical treatment
Emperor Ashoka started hospitals to provide free medicines and __________ to people as well as animals.
medicinal
Emperor Ashoka also started the cultivation of useful _________plants.
roads
Emperor Ashoka had trees planted on both sides of the________
travellers.
Emperor Ashoka had sheds erected to provide drinking water to travellers.
wells
Emperor Ashoka also had many _______ dug.
Administration
Administration during the Maurya period :
dispense justice
The main functions of the king were to protect his people and to _____________.
six divisions
The empire was divided into __________ for the
convenience of administration.
mantri-parishad.
The council which advised the king in matters of administration was known as the council of ministers or __________.
administration.
Officers were
appointed to run the ____________
Rajjuk,
The officer at the
district level was known as________
Gop
the officer at the taluka
level was ________
Gramani.
and the head of a village was Gramani.
intelligence service
There was an efficient ____________ to assist the mantri-parishad and the officers.
Life
________of the people during the Maurya period :
agriculture
During the Maurya period, life of the people depended on __________ and was influenced by it.
prospered
but other occupations also _________
glazed
Production of ________ pottery was done on a large scale .
large-scale
Ship-building was also a
_________ industry.
traders
There guilds of _______ as also of people engaged in various occupations.
shrenis
These guilds
were called _________.
celebrated
Several functions and festivals were _________ for
entertainment.
competitions
There were dance and music concerts and
wrestling ____________.
board
________ games were popular people
played chess, too.
art
________ and Literature :
mauryan
: Architecture and sculpture had
advanced greatly in this_______ period.
emperor ashoka
During the reign of
Emperor Ashoka, sculpture developed further.
viharas
Emperor Ashoka erected
many pillars, stupas and __________
dharma-chakra
The _______________on the Sarnath pillar that he erected finds a place of
honour on the Indian
national flag today,
ardhamagadhi
During the Maurya
period, along with Sanskrit,
Prakrit languages like Pali
And ________________ were
used by the people.
Arthshashtra
Panini's
'Ashtaddhyayi' and
Chanakya's ___________ are
two of the renowned works
of this time.
tipitaka
It was during
this period that the Buddhist
work '__________, (Tripitaka)
was completed.
women
Tipitaka includes compositions of __________of Bauddha Sanghas.
jatak katha
The '____________' based on the life of Gautama Buddha
were written during this period.
indian
The Maurya Emperors were great patrons of _________ arts.
new avenues
____________opened in the field of Indian art and culture during their regimes .